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Cost Benefit Analysis in Environmental Protection

Informacje ogólne

Kod przedmiotu: 2400-SU2TS31 Kod Erasmus / ISCED: 14.3 / (0311) Ekonomia
Nazwa przedmiotu: Cost Benefit Analysis in Environmental Protection
Jednostka: Wydział Nauk Ekonomicznych
Grupy: Seminaria magisterskie dla II roku programów anglojęzycznych
Punkty ECTS i inne: 3.00 LUB 5.00 (w zależności od programu)
zobacz reguły punktacji
Język prowadzenia: angielski
Rodzaj przedmiotu:

seminaria magisterskie

Pełny opis:

Environmental investment expenditures reached 1.7% of GDP in Poland in the 1990s.

Maintenance costs of environmental activities are high as well. In addition, protection

requirements imply certain constraints which are not counted as 'environmental costs' in

official statistics. Nevertheless both the constraints and out-of-pocket expenditures have

become significant factors in decision-making at all stages. Therefore a question can be raised

if the costs of environmental policies carried out are justified in terms of their benefits.

According to the principles of economic analysis, in order to determine whether a programme

or a project is efficient, one needs to check how its potential change translates into social

costs and benefits and to choose its variant which maximizes the surplus of the benefit over

the cost. For environmental programmes, their benefit part can be quite cumbersome, since

protection enhances goods (e.g. human health, landscape quality, or species conservation)

whose values are not revealed in market transactions. Another important problem is how to

discount financial flows (both at the benefit and the cost side) expected in a distant future. As

a rule, environmental policies imply a long time horizon.

Despite all the methodological problems, environmental cost-benefit analyses have acquired

an impressive record. Also in Poland, and especially in this University, there have been

numerous empirical studies aimed at assessing the adequacy of some environmental

programmes. Many of the analyses carried out in the Warsaw Ecological Economics Center

(WEEC) presently compare benefits and costs of nature protection studies. They may provide

empirical inputs into MA dissertations. Given the fact that most of the references are in

English, and WEEC is involved in cooperation with many international institutes, the

students are expected to speak English.


The meetings will cover the programme as outlined below. References are just to guide

potential presenters. Students are free to select their own bibliographical sources. In the

second semester our meetings will be devoted to what the students work on in order to

prepare their theses. Aura items refer to my columns in this (Polish-language) monthly. Other

Polish language sources are meant for Polish-speaking students. There are English language

alternatives, of course.

• Why is the environmental protection a global problem? [Aura 6/07, 12/09, 1/10] [T.

ylicz, Ekonomia srodowiska i zasobów naturalnych, PWE, Warszawa 2004, ch. 1]

[H. Folmer & H. L. Gabel (eds.), Principles of Environmental and Resource

Economics, Edward Elgar, Chelthenham 2000, pp. 447-478]

• The European acid rain [T. Zylicz 1991, "The Role for Economic Incentives in

International Allocation of Abatement Effort", in: R. Costanza (ed.), Ecological

Economics: The Science of Management of Sustainability, Columbia University Press,

New York, pp. 384-399] [Aura 6/2010]

• Baltic Sea eutrophication; interactions of phosphorus and nitrogen [A. Markowska, T.

Zylicz 1999, "Costing an international public good: The case of the Baltic Sea",

Ecological Economics, 1999, vol. 30, pp. 301-316] [Aura 2/08]

• Baltic Sea eutrophication cont.; international cooperation

• The ozone layer [T. Swanson, S. Johnson, Global Environmental Problems and

International Environmental Agreements. The Economics of Institution Building,

Edward Elgar, Cheltenham 1999, pp. 202-263] [L. Gabel "Zarzadzanie ochrona

srodowiska jako strategia konkurencyjna. Przypadek freonów", in: H. Folmer et al.

(eds.) Ekonomia srodowiska i zasobów naturalnych, Wyd. Krupski i S-ka, Warszawa

1996, pp. 349-368] [Aura 1/12]

• Climate policy; 'greenhouse effect' [T. Swanson, S. Johnson 1999, op. cit., pp. 202-

263] [Aura 12/08, 2/10, 8/11] [T. ylicz 2009, "Goals and Principles of

Environmental Policy", International Review of Environmental Policy, vol. 3, pp.


• Climate policy; the Kyoto Protocol [Aura 1/09, 2/11][T. ylicz 2009, op. cit., pp. 299-

334] [R. Stavins' blog:]

• Climate policy; ETS [M. Miros, T. ylicz 2008, "Poland's perspective on EU ETS in


Poland_perspective_EUETS_Miros_Zylicz-2.pdf] [Aura 12/06, 2/07] [T. ylicz 2004,

op. cit., ch. 3]

• Biodiversity [S. Polasky 2005, "Strategies to conserve biodiversity", in: H. Folmer, T.

Tietenberg (eds.), The International Yearbook of Environmental and Resource

Economics 2005-2006, Edward Elgar Publishing 2005, pp. 157-184] [Aura 4/11]

• Sustainability [Aura 5-7/2008, 9(D)/09, 5/11] [T. ylicz 2004, op. cit., ch. 5 & 9] [T.

ylicz, "Sustainability Indicators: An Economists's View", in: T. Hak, B. Moldan and

A. Lyon Dahl (eds.), Sustainability Indicators. A Scientific Assessment, Island Press,

Washington, DC, 2007, pp.97-105]

• Open economy problems; trade [T. ylicz 2004, op. cit., ch. 8] [Ecological Economics

1994, vol. 9, no. 1, Special Issue "Trade and Environment"] [Aura 12/11]

• Open economy problems; international assistance [OECD 2008, Development Aid at a

Glance. Statistics by region, Paris] [Aura 11-12/10, 1/11]

• EU environmental policy [T. ylicz 2009, op. cit., pp. 299-334] [Aura 6/07, 2/08]

[Community Lisbon Programme. Technical Implementation Report 2006, European

Commission, Brussels 2006 (SEC(2006) 1379)] [Aura 6/11]

• Review of potential MA topics.

Efekty kształcenia:

MA seminar in cost-benefit analysis in environmental protection

The seminar guides students through the literature on decision-making in environmental

policy. Quite often decisions are made without an adequate research into the economics of

conservation and/or abatement activities. Seminar participants are expected to study actual

cases at local, national and global levels in order to identify difficulties linked to

identification of both costs and benefits of specific projects or policy programs. Principles of

valuation are discussed extensively in order to provide students with instruments for

professional analyses.

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr zimowy 2017/18" (zakończony)

Okres: 2017-10-01 - 2018-01-26
Wybrany podział planu:

zobacz plan zajęć
Typ zajęć: Seminarium magisterskie, 30 godzin więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: Tomasz Żylicz
Prowadzący grup: Tomasz Żylicz
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Zaliczenie

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr letni 2017/18" (w trakcie)

Okres: 2018-02-17 - 2018-06-10
Wybrany podział planu:

zobacz plan zajęć
Typ zajęć: Seminarium magisterskie, 30 godzin więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: Tomasz Żylicz
Prowadzący grup: Tomasz Żylicz
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Zaliczenie
Opisy przedmiotów w USOS i USOSweb są chronione prawem autorskim.
Właścicielem praw autorskich jest Uniwersytet Warszawski.