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Inorganic Chemistry I

General data

Course ID: 1200-1CHNO1W5 Erasmus code / ISCED: 13.3 / (unknown)
Course title: Inorganic Chemistry I Name in Polish: Chemia nieorganiczna I
Department: Faculty of Chemistry
Course groups: (in Polish) Przedmioty minimum programowego dla studentów 5-go semestru (S1-CH)
ECTS credit allocation (and other scores): 3.00
Language: Polish
Main fields of studies for MISMaP:

chemistry

Type of course:

obligatory courses

Prerequisites (description):

Obligatory completion of the General Chemistry course

Recommended knowledge of basic concepts of quantum chemistry

Mode:

(in Polish) w sali

Short description:

The main subject of the lecture is the description of fundamentals of inorganic chemistry which allow one, in the following course, to understand the properties of selected chemical elements and their compounds, as well as trends of properties observed in the Periodic Table. In order to achieve this goal, classical terms and problems are invoked, as well as selected modern concepts in the area of chemistry of atom and inorganic chemistry are presented. Among others, the following topics are discussed: the role of electronic configuration of atoms, of atomic (ionic) radii and electronegativity in determination of properties of the elements and their compounds, the role of solvation processes, elements of theory of coordination compounds and the concept of hard and soft acids and bases (HSAB). The final part of the lecture is devoted to the properties of hydrogen, oxygen and their compounds, including selected practical applications.

Full description:

This first part of the lecture in inorganic chemistry I, obligatory for all the students of the 5th semester of full-time studies, is devoted mainly to the presentation of the universal fundamentals of inorganic chemistry, that in the following course of this subject will allow one to understand the properties of selected elements and their compounds. The construction of the Periodic Table and the trends of the properties of the elements are discussed. The following topics are presented in more detail: the role of geometric and energetic atomic parameters as the factors determining the properties (including chemical reactivity) of substances, the significance of the strength and the nature of interatomic, interionic and intermolecular bonds, with possibilities of generalized classifications of the substances into structural types. Also, fundamental structural properties of ionic compounds, including ionic crystals are discussed. For the ions at different oxidation states the characteristics of the relevant redox processes are presented. The basic concepts of the structure of coordination compounds, including sandwich complexes, are further discussed. Furthemore, the interactions of ions with the solvent (extended for non-aqueous solvents) are described and the significant role of solvation is emphasized. The comparative classification of solvents is also introduced. As a next step towards the generalization of the nature of chemical bonds, the concept of hard and soft acids and bases is introduced. The above topics form the solid base for the presentation and discussion of the properties of selected elements and their compounds. In this part of the lecture in inorganic chemistry, the properties of hydrogen and oxygen, as well as of their compounds are presented. Besides the information about the basic properties, selected important practical applications of processes involving these elements are discussed, e.g. the construction of fuel cells. Also, besides typical, classical information, selected modern achievements in the area of the properties of atoms and inorganic substances are presented

Bibliography:

1. A. Bielański, Podstawy chemii nieorganicznej, PWN, Warszawa 2002

2. L. Kolditz (Ed.), Chemia nieorganiczna, cz. 1, 2, PWN 1994 ( „Biblioteka Chemii”)

3. L. Pajdowski, Chemia ogólna, PWN, Warszawa 1998

4. J.D. Lee, Zwięzła chemia nieorganiczna PWN, Warszawa 1994

5. R. T. Sanderson, Prawo okresowości w chemii, WNT 1965

6. J. Dereń, J. Haber, R. Pampuch, Chemia ciała stałego, PWN 1977

7. M. Pourbaix, Wykłady z korozji elektrochemicznej, PWN 1978

8. J. Shorter, Analiza korelacyjna w chemii organicznej, PWN 1980

9. T. M. Krygowski, J. B. Czermiński, „Wiadomości Chemiczne”, 32 (1978) s. 597

10. W. Kołos, Chemia kwantowa, PWN 1978

11. N. N. Greenwood, A. Earnshaw, Chemistry of the Elements, Pergamon Press, Oxford-Toronto, 1984

12. B. Trémillon, Chemistry in Non-Aqueous Solvents, Reidel 1974

Learning outcomes:

After completion of the course the student:

- reinforces the knowledge about the development of the classification systems of chemical elements

- is able to show the periodic variations of physical and chemical properties of the elements

- is able to correlate quantum-chemical description of atoms with their geometrical and energetic characteristics, essential for the properties of the substances

- is able to prove the effect of atomic/ionic radii and of electronic energy on the properties of the elements and their compounds, taking into account the recent concepts in this area

- gets to know various structural types of inorganic substances, including covalent, metallic, molecular and ionic crystals

- gets to know basic properties and theories of the structure of coordination compounds

- gets to know the description of redox equilibria in terms of appropriate diagrams, collecting the properties of inorganic compounds at various oxidation states of the elements

- understands the essence and importance of the solvation process for the thermodynamic state of the species in solution, is able to describe the ion-solvent interactions and gets to know comparative systems of classification of various solvents

- gets to know the concept and the application of the concept of hard and soft acids and bases (HSAB) to the description of the nature and stability of chemical bonds in inorganic substances

- gets to know physical and chemical properties of hydrogen, oxygen and of their compounds (as hydrides and oxides), including important practical applications of the reaction between hydrogen and oxygen in fuel cells.

Assessment methods and assessment criteria:

The exam is written (5-6 open questions that require descriptive answers). The final grade is based on the arithmetic average of partial grades, at least 50% of the material must be mastered. The resit examination has the same form and method of assessment. Detailed, current exam requirements are sent to students after the last lecture in a given semester.

Participation in lectures is not compulsory, but recommended due to the factually advanced material.

Practical placement:

none

Classes in period "Winter semester 2020/21" (past)

Time span: 2020-10-01 - 2021-01-31
Choosen plan division:


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see course schedule
Type of class: Lecture, 30 hours, 150 places more information
Coordinators: Marek Orlik
Group instructors: Marek Orlik
Students list: (inaccessible to you)
Examination: Examination
Mode:

(in Polish) zdalnie

Course descriptions are protected by copyright.
Copyright by University of Warsaw.