University of Warsaw - Central Authentication SystemYou are not logged in | log in
course directory - help

Geofizyka promieni kosmicznych

General data

Course ID: 1300-WGFPK Erasmus code / ISCED: 07.303 / (0532) Earth science
Course title: Geofizyka promieni kosmicznych Name in Polish: Cosmic-ray geophysics
Department: Faculty of Geology
Course groups: (in Polish) Przedmioty do wyboru na II i III roku studiów pierwszego stopnia na kierunku geologia poszukiwawcza
(in Polish) Przedmioty do wyboru na II, III i IV roku studiów I-go stopnia na kierunku geologia stosowana
Elective subjects for the second and third years of the third-year major in geology
Electives to be chosen from for I and II years in II degree study for other specializations
ECTS credit allocation (and other scores): 4.00
Language: English
Type of course:

elective courses

Prerequisites (description):

Student knows the basic terminology and concepts of geology and geophysics.

Short description:

The course will teach the principles of cosmic-ray physics and applications of products of cosmic-ray interactions in the Earth sciences.

Full description:

Student acquires the knowledge and skills in the following groups of subjects:

- fundamentals of cosmic-ray physics.

- applications of products of cosmic rays in geology and geomorphology.

- mesuring rates of geological processes with cosmic rays.

- applications of cosmic rays in hydrology.

- applications of products of cosmic rays in hydrology and glaciology

- measuring water in soils and other materials on and below the land surface (e.g., biomass, snow cover, concrete and other artificial materials).

- dating of objects on the Earth’s surface with cosmogenic isotopes.

- analysis of experimental data and interpretation of the results.

- preparation and delivery in class of a presentation based on study of published research results

Bibliography: (in Polish)

Nautron physics

Glasstone, S., and M.C. Edlund, 1952, Elements of nuclear reactor theory: New York, Van Nostrand, 416 p.

Knoll, G.F., 2000, Radiation detection and measurement: New York, Wiley, 802 p.

Krane, K.S., 1988, Introductory nuclear physics: New York, Wiley, 845 p.

Cosmic rays

Carlson, P., 2012. A century of cosmic rays. Physics Today 65, 30-36.

Rossi, B., 1964. Cosmic rays. McGraw-Hill, New York.

Lev I. Dorman, L.I., 2013. Cosmic Rays in the Earth’s Atmosphere and Underground. Springer, Dordrecht.

Desilets, D., and M. Zreda, 2003. Spatial and temporal distribution of secondary cosmic-ray nucleon intensities and applications to in-situ cosmogenic dating. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 206, 21-42.

Desilets, D., M. Zreda, and T. Prabu, 2006. Extended scaling factors for in situ cosmogenic nuclides: New measurements at low latitude. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 246, 265-276.

Lifton, N., T. Sato, and T.J. Dunai, 2014. Scaling in situ cosmogenic nuclide production rates using analytical approximations to atmospheric cosmic-ray fluxes. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 386, 149-160.

Cosmogenic isotopes

Dunai, T.J., 2010. Cosmogenic Nuclides: Principles, Concepts and Applications in the Earth Surface Sciences. Cambridge University Press.

Lal, D., 1988. In situ-produced cosmogenic isotopes in terrestrial rocks. Annual Reviews of Earth and Planetary Sciences 16, 355-388.

Lal, D., 1991. Cosmic ray labeling of erosion surfaces: in situ nuclide production rates and erosion models. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 104, 424-439.

Phillips, F.M., D.C. Argento, G. Balco, M.W. Caffee, J. Clem, T.J. Dunai, R. Finkel, B. Goehring, J.C. Gosse, A.M. Hudson, A.J.T. Jull, M.A. Kelly, M. Kurz, D. Lal, N. Lifton, S.M. Marrero, K. Nishiizumi, R.C. Reedy, J. Schaefer, J.O.H. Stone, T. Swanson, and M.G. Zreda, 2016. The CRONUS-Earth project: a synthesis. Quaternary Geochronology 31, 119-154.

Zreda, M.G., F.M. Phillips, D. Elmore, P.W. Kubik, P. Sharma, and R.I. Dorn, 1991. Cosmogenic chlorine-36 production rates in terrestrial rocks. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 105, 94-109.

Zreda, M., J. England, F. Phillips, D. Elmore, and P. Sharma, 1999. Unblocking of the Nares Strait by Greenland and Ellesmere ice-sheet retreat 10,000 years ago. Nature 398, 139-142..

Zreda, M., and J.S. Noller, 1998. Ages of prehistoric earthquakes revealed by cosmogenic chlorine-36 in a bedrock fault scarp at Hebgen Lake. Science 282, 1097-1099.

Zweck, C., M. Zreda, and D. Desilets, 2013. Snow shielding factors for cosmogenic nuclide dating inferred from Monte Carlo neutron transport simulations. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 379, 64-71.

Measuring water at the land surface

Zreda, M., D. Desilets, T.P.A. Ferré, and R.L. Scott, 2008. Measuring soil moisture content non-invasively at intermediate spatial scale using cosmic-ray neutrons. Geophysical Research Letters 35, L21402, doi: doi:10.1029/2008GL035655.

Zreda, M., W.J. Shuttleworth, X. Zeng, C. Zweck, D. Desilets, T. Franz, and R. Rosolem, 2012. COSMOS: the COsmic-ray Soil Moisture Observing System. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 16, 4079-4099.

Desilets, D., M. Zreda, and T. Ferre, 2010. Nature's neutron probe: Land-surface hydrology at an elusive scale with cosmic rays. Water Resources Research 46, W11505, doi: 10.1029/2009WR008726.

Köhli, M., M. Schrön, M. Zreda, U. Schmidt, P. Dietrich, and S. Zacharias, 2015. Footprint characteristics revised for field-scale soil moisture monitoring with cosmic-ray neutrons. Water Resources Research 51, 5772-5790.

Desilets, D., and M. Zreda, 2013. Footprint diameter for a cosmic-ray soil moisture probe: Theory and Monte Carlo simulations. Water Resources Research 49, 3566-3575

Franz, T.E., M. Zreda, R. Rosolem, and T.P.A. Ferre, 2013. A universal calibration function for determination of soil moisture with cosmic-ray neutrons. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 17, 453-460.

Franz, T.E., M. Zreda, R. Rosolem, B.K. Hornbuckle, S.L. Irvin, H. Adams, T.E. Kolb, C. Zweck, and W.J. Shuttleworth, 2013. Ecosystem-scale measurements of biomass water using cosmic ray neutrons. Geophysical Research Letters 40, 3929-3933.

Methods of measurement

Accelerator mass spectrometry: Elmore and Phillips, 1986; Kutschera, 2016

Noble gas mass spectrometry:

Neutron spectrometry:

Neutron detectors: Knoll, G.F., 2000, Radiation detection and measurement: New York, Wiley, 802 p.

Neutron moisture sensors: Zreda, M., W.J. Shuttleworth, X. Zeng, C. Zweck, D. Desilets, T. Franz, and R. Rosolem, 2012. COSMOS: the COsmic-ray Soil Moisture Observing System. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 16, 4079-4099.

Neutron monitors: Simpson, J.A., 2000. The cosmic ray nucleonic component: The invention and scientific uses of the neutron monitor – (Keynote Lecture). Space Science Reviews 93, 11-32, doi: 10.1023/A:1026567706183.

Learning outcomes:

Student acquires the knowledge and skills in the following groups of subjects:

- fundamentals of cosmic-ray physics.

- applications of products of cosmic rays in geology and geomorphology.

- mesuring rates of geological processes with cosmic rays.

- applications of cosmic rays in hydrology.

- applications of products of cosmic rays in hydrology and glaciology

- measuring water in soils and other materials on and below the land surface (e.g., biomass, snow cover, concrete and other artificial materials).

- dating of objects on the Earth’s surface with cosmogenic isotopes.

- analysis of experimental data and interpretation of the results.

- preparation and delivery in class of a presentation based on study of published research results

Assessment methods and assessment criteria:

Taking attendance 1 absence is acceptable, assigning and grading work to analyse and interprete data, grading class presentation, resit – oral examination.

Practical placement:

Not applicable

Classes in period "Summer semester 2019/20" (past)

Time span: 2020-02-17 - 2020-08-02
Choosen plan division:


magnify
see course schedule
Type of class: Placement, 30 hours, 15 places more information
Coordinators: Jan Dzierżek
Group instructors: (unknown)
Students list: (inaccessible to you)
Examination: Course - Grading
Placement - Grading
Course descriptions are protected by copyright.
Copyright by University of Warsaw.