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Introduction to the archaelogy of the Mediterranean

General data

Course ID: 3101-DO1SR Erasmus code / ISCED: 08.4 / (0222) History and archaeology
Course title: Introduction to the archaelogy of the Mediterranean Name in Polish: Zarys archeologii śródziemnomorskiej
Organizational unit: Institute of Archaeology
Course groups: (in Polish) Obowiązkowe przedmioty dla I roku
ECTS credit allocation (and other scores): (not available)
view allocation of credits
Language: Polish
Type of course:

obligatory courses

Prerequisites (description):

Compulsory lecture for the B.A. students of archaeology, Ist year



Short description:

Part lectured by F. Stępniowski:

The lecture comprises the Ancient Near East (i.e. Anatolia, Syria-Palestine, Mesopotamia and Iran), from the late IVth millennium B.C to the fall of the Achemenid Empire. Main traits of cultural developments shall be presented, together with the historical background, and most important relics: sites, architecture (monumental – temples, palaces and city walls, and domestic), as well as the works of art, both of monumental (statuary, reliefs, paintings) and minute scale (terracottas, figurines, glyptic). This archeological approach shall be supplemented with basic information on history and spiritual culture: peoples and languages, religions and mythologies.

Ancient Egypt (Mirosław Barwik): Introduction to the archaeology and history of the civilization of Ancient Egypt.

Full description:

Ancient Near East (F. Stępniowski):

1. The geographical setting: physiography, climate, vegetation, raw materials.

2. “Beginnings of civilization” – the birth of complex urban societies (Uruk Period, late IV mill. B.C.).

3. Civilizations of the IIIrd mill. B.C. – Early Dynastic, Akkadian and Ur III Mesopotamia,

Anatolia, Syria and Susiana in the Early Bronze Age.

4. The changing world of the Middle Bronze Age (1st half of the IInd mill. BC. – Amorrite Dynasties in Syria and Mesopotamia, Hittite Old Kingdom.

5. Late Bronze Age (2nd half of the IInd mill. B.C.) – Hittite Empire, the Hurrians/Mitanni, Syria-Palestine, Elam; Kassite Babylonia and the first Assyrian Empire.

6. Great empires of the Iron Age (1st half of the Ist mill. B.C.) – Assyrian, Babylonian, Persian.

7. Around the great empires – Syria-Palestine, Neo-Hittite states, Urartu.

Ancient Egypt (Mirosław Barwik):

1) Beginnings of the civilization of Ancient Egypt

2) Egypt in the Age of Pyramids

3) The Golden Age of Egypt

4) Egyptian Empire

5) The Twilight of Egypt

Greece and Rome

The course offers an outline of the Classical civilisation of Greece and Rome and covers the principal categories of monuments in the fields of architecture, sculpture and painting, with elements of political and cultural history of the Mediterranean.


See the list in Polish section

Learning outcomes:

The student has a basic knowledge on/an ability to:

- mediterranean archaeology among humanities and historical sciences, its partculariteis - sources, subject-matter and methodology;

- copncepts, notions, definitions and specific terminology of the discipline;

- periodizations, culture-hist0rical, stylistic and ethnic sequences in the area;

- description ,analysis and interpretation of the sources: 1) artefacts etc. (material culture), 2) ancient texts in translation, various research paradigms applied;

- inter- and transdisciplinary aspects of fieldworks and study in the area;

- traditions and new directions in the scholarship in the area;

- the basics of bioarcheology and ecology of the area (resources and their exploitation);

- artefacts as material correlates of the social and historical systems and processes;

- international character of the discipline; of needs and possibilities of

the scientific communication;

- the Mediterranean as the "craddle of civiilization"; agencies of destruction, protection of ancient monuments;

Assessment methods and assessment criteria:

Memorization of a basic corpus of artefacts and monuments of the area (recognition, dating, stylistic attribution); an interpretation; periodization and chronologies of ancient cultures of the area (basics); basic orientation in historical topography - verified by a test (in writing), with maps and figures.

This course is not currently offered.
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