The Idea of Justice
|Kod przedmiotu:||2200-1CWPP80||Kod Erasmus / ISCED:||(brak danych) / (brak danych)|
|Nazwa przedmiotu:||The Idea of Justice|
|Jednostka:||Wydział Prawa i Administracji|
|Punkty ECTS i inne:||
zobacz reguły punktacji
In this course, we shall study philosophers, thinkers, and writers who have investigated the idea and the reality of justice. We shall also apply notions of justice to our own understanding of real problems of human law and action and discuss what might be the cures for injustice.
There will be a number of short written reflections (2-3 pages) based on the readings and issues debated in class, and a final paper (10-12 pages). The final paper will be on a topic of the student’s choosing in consultation with the professor. It may deal with a question of justice in the contemporary world, or a study of the ideas of justice presented by a writer not covered in the course.
The United States Constitution declares as one of its purposes, “To establish Justice.” The Constitution of Poland is based on “freedom and justice.” The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union seeks to establish an area of “freedom, security, and justice.” But the Universal Declaration of Human Rights does not mention justice. According to the ancients, justice is one of the four cardinal virtues.
What is common in the understanding of justice? Does it derive from natural law? Positive Law? Divine Law? oies it actually exist? How has the term "justice" been defined, contested, and implemented in history? What can poets, philosophers, playwrights, and great figures in history tell us about justice as a theory and as a practical guide to human action?
In this course, we shall study philosophers, thinkers, and writers who have investigated the idea and the reality of justice. We shall also apply notions of justice to our own understanding of real problems of human law and action. For example: Are some kinds of inequality unjust while other kinds are just? How can our understanding of justice be applied to the treatment of animals, abortion, capital punishment, suicide, and war? What is justice in relation to God and the family? What are the cures for injustice?
Sophocles, The Theban Plays (Penguin, 1974 ed.)ISBN 0-14-044003-8
Plato, The Republic (Penguin, 2007 ed.)ISBN 0-140-44914-0
Aristotle, The Nicomachean Ethics (Penguin, 2d, ed.)(paperback) ISBN-13: 978-0872204645
Jean Anouilh, Five Plays (Hill & Wang, 1986 ed.)ISBN-13: 978-037452229, ISBN-10: 0374522294
Forte, Justice: Materials (2019)
Like Aristotle, we shall begin our inquiry about justice by reviewing human experience. Therefore, for the first class prepare and bring to class a reflection not to exceed two double spaced pages on ONE of the following four possible experiences:
• An action undertaken by you that you would judge to be an act of injustice, or
• An action undertaken by you that you would judge to be an act of justice, or
• An action that you would judge to have been unjust to you, or
• An action that you would judge to have been just to you.
Note: I am not looking for your views on a social or moral "cause." Rather, I would like you to reflect solely on your own personal experience.
Plato, The Republic
Part One, Introduction
2. The Conventional View of Justice Developed
3. Thrasymachus and the Rejection of Conventional Morality
Part One, Introduction
First Statement and Criticisms
Second Statement and Final Refutation
4. Adiemantus and Glaucon Restate the Case for Injustice
Właścicielem praw autorskich jest Uniwersytet Warszawski.