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Christianity in the Nile Valley: a cultural context

Informacje ogólne

Kod przedmiotu: 3101-AKCHRIS Kod Erasmus / ISCED: 08.4 / (0222) Historia i archeologia
Nazwa przedmiotu: Christianity in the Nile Valley: a cultural context
Jednostka: Instytut Archeologii
Grupy: Zajecia kierunkowe na studiach anglojęzycznych
Punkty ECTS i inne: 2.00
Język prowadzenia: (brak danych)
Rodzaj przedmiotu:

uzupełniające

Tryb prowadzenia:

w sali

Skrócony opis: (tylko po angielsku)

The course will deal with the development of forms of Christianity and their several aspects in the Nile Valley within three chronological periods from the 2nd/3rd to the 14th centuries.

It will be focused mainly on the forms of Christianity, their expressions and movements in Egypt and Nubia. These will be put in a historical and cultural context that will help to understand particular forms and habits in Christianity in this region.

The discussion will be mainly based on archaeological material that concerns architecture, details of architectural decoration, wall-painting, small objects of arts and crafts, and so on.

Pełny opis: (tylko po angielsku)

Egypt is one of the first places where Christian faith, and the monastic movement especially, developed. Its history can be observed within the course of changes in political history and cultural changes in the region. To the south of Egypt, neighbouring Nubia received Christian faith much later, - in the middle of the 6th century. Its Christian culture has long been considered as a branch of Coptic studies. Nevertheless several aspects of Christian Nubian culture show on one hand indigenous features and on the other hand a dependence on Byzantine models. During the present course the focus will be on both, similarities and original aspects of these two parts of the Nile Valley.

During the course the following topics there will be discussed:

• Christianity in Egypt, the first beginnings (till 451). The intellectual climate in Alexandria. Early Christian theology: Clement, Origen, Athanasius.

• Effects of the Edict of Milan: expansion of Christian community, growing intimidation towards Jews and Pagans, destruction of the Serapeum under Theophilus, lynching of Hypatia under Cyril.

• Rise of the monastic movement: pluriform character, anchoretic movement, semi-cenobitism and cenobitism. Effects on society: involvement of monks in riots in Alexandria, on the other hand peaceful desert hermits, economic role of Pachomian communities in Upper Egypt.

• Early Christian material culture in Egypt: continuation and change.

• Council of Chalcedon: confrontation with Constantinople. Development of an own church hierarchy in the 6th century. Melkites and anti-Chalcedonians. Abu Mena as Melkite centre, Melkite allegiances in Pachomian monasteries. Rise of the great monastic communities: Sketis, Saqqara, Bawit, Sohag. Incorporation of monasteries and hermits in ecclesiastical structure.

• Chritianisation of the three Nubian kingdoms of Nobadia, Makuria and Alwa. Political decision? Material culture: Meroitic inheritance versus Byzantine impact.

• The Arab conquest: the Coptic Church under Islamic rule, Arabisation of society, decline of Coptic language. What do we mean by ‘Coptic’?

• Coptic material culture: the church as a backdrop for the liturgy, architecture and paintings (mural paintings, icons) .

• Nubian Christian art: iconographical programme and style.

• The kingdom of Makuria and kingship concept through its art.

• Egypt and Nubia under the oriental influences. Applied arts in Egypt: ‘Coptic’ textiles, ceramics, woodwork. Nubian wall-paintings as reflections in the change of lifestyle?

Literatura: (tylko po angielsku)

Literature will be announced in class

Efekty kształcenia: (tylko po angielsku)

- The student knows the basic terminology associated with Christianity in the Nile Valley

- The student knows selected objects of art from Egypt and Nubia as a cultural background of the phenomena occurring during the discussed period

- The student knows the basic facts of the history of Egypt and Nubia of the discussed period

- The student knows the latest discoveries and theories related to the history of the Christianity in the Nile Valley

- The student can signal various issues and their interpretations concerning Christianity in the Nile Valley

- The student is able to interpret the examples of the art in the context of historical and social events taking place at the time of the creation of the work

- The student is aware of the importance of different aspects of Christianity in the Nile Valley as a contribution to the knowledge and a better understanding of the history of this period, and world cultural heritage

Metody i kryteria oceniania: (tylko po angielsku)

Written exam.

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr letni 2018/19" (zakończony)

Okres: 2019-02-16 - 2019-06-08
Wybrany podział planu:


powiększ
zobacz plan zajęć
Typ zajęć: Konwersatorium, 30 godzin, 20 miejsc więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: Dobrochna Zielińska
Prowadzący grup: Dobrochna Zielińska
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Egzamin

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr zimowy 2019/20" (w trakcie)

Okres: 2019-10-01 - 2020-01-27

Wybrany podział planu:


powiększ
zobacz plan zajęć
Typ zajęć: Wykład konwersatoryjny, 30 godzin, 14 miejsc więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: Dobrochna Zielińska
Prowadzący grup: Dobrochna Zielińska
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Egzamin
Opisy przedmiotów w USOS i USOSweb są chronione prawem autorskim.
Właścicielem praw autorskich jest Uniwersytet Warszawski.