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History of American Philosopy, from Puritanism to Pragmatism

Informacje ogólne

Kod przedmiotu: 3501-HAMP-S Kod Erasmus / ISCED: 08.1 / (0223) Filozofia i etyka
Nazwa przedmiotu: History of American Philosopy, from Puritanism to Pragmatism
Jednostka: Instytut Filozofii
Grupy:
Punkty ECTS i inne: (brak)
zobacz reguły punktacji
Język prowadzenia: angielski
Rodzaj przedmiotu:

seminaria monograficzne

Tryb prowadzenia:

w sali

Skrócony opis: (tylko po angielsku)

This course will provide an overview of the main themes and thinkers in the history of American philosophy, from its roots in the Reformation to its maturity in Pragmatism. Its central aim is to provide students with a solid foundation for more specialized studies in the various aspects of American philosophy and to understand better contemporary controversies around it. It also seeks to help students better understand how and why Americans think and act as they do through knowledge of their philosophy.

Pełny opis: (tylko po angielsku)

American Pragmatism is one of the best known and most discussed philosophical traditions in the world today, made popular especially by Richard Rorty, Hilary Putnam, and, more recently, Robert Brandom. Many who study this tradition and even some claiming to be authorities on it have failed to study and to understand its historical and intellectual sources. This course will provide a broad historical overview of the history of American philosophy, starting with Puritanism and culminating in classical Pragmatism. It will identify dominant continuities and themes in that history, such as “experience,” “community,” and “renewal,” as well as major shifts and changes. It will examine both the main social and political conditions to which American philosophy responded and how it in turn has contributed to the shaping of American history. Its principle aim is to provide a solid foundation upon which students might conduct further, more specialized study into various aspects of American philosophy, both historical and contemporary.

The course will divide the history of American philosophy into four main historical periods.

a) Puritanism. This unit of the course will identify the roots of American philosophy in the Reformation, especially as it is brought to America in its Puritan form, demonstrating how Puritanism continues to shape American society, thinking, and politics. Focus will be upon the Puritan philosopher Jonathan Edwards as the culmination of Puritanism.

b) American Enlightenment: Intellectual Origins of American Political Philosophy. This unit will study how Puritanism and the importation of European Enlightenment thinking come together to create the philosophical basis for the American Revolution, the U.S. Constitution, and early American political debates. Key figures here will be Thomas Jefferson, John Addams, James Madison, Mercy Otis Warren, and Thomas Paine.

c) American Transcendentalism. This unit will examine how Transcendentalism arose as a reaction to Puritanism, while also retaining many elements of Puritanism, and in response to changing conditions in mid-nineteenth-century America. Main figures will be Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Margaret Fuller, and Frederick Douglass.

d) Pragmatism. This unit will study the emergence of Pragmatism out of Transcendentalism and in response to various currents in European philosophy as well as changing social conditions in America at the end of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. Central figures will be Charles Sanders Peirce, William James, Josiah Royce, John Dewey, Jane Addams, Alain Locke, and W. E. B. Du Bois.

Instructor: Kenneth W. Stikkers, Ph.D., Professor of Philosophy and Africana Studies, Southern Illinois University, USA, professor of Social Science, Autonomous University of Sinaloa, Mexico

Areas of specialization: Philosophy (especially phenomenology) of economics, moral foundations of economics, social and political philosophy, American philosophy (Puritanism, W. James, African American Philosophy) as well as contemporary continental philosophy (Scheler, Foucault). He is the author of “Utopian Visions Past, Present and Future: Rethinking the Ethical Foundations of Economy”; “Economics as Moral Philosophy” and many articles on philosophy of economics, American philosophy and contemporary continental thought. Editor of Max Scheler's Problems of a Sociology of Knowledge.

Literatura: (tylko po angielsku)

John Winthrop, “A Model of Christian Charity”

Jonathan Edwards, “Images of Divine Things,” “Personal Narrative,” excerpt from “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God,” and selections from Freedom of the Will

Thomas Jefferson, “Declaration of Independence” and selections from Notes on the State of Virginia

John Adams, “Thoughts on Government”

John Madison, selections from The Federalist Papers

Mercy Otis Warren, “Observations on the new Constitution”

Ralph Waldo Emerson, “Nature”

Henry David Thoreau, “Where I Lived and What I Lived For,” from Walden

Margaret Fuller, “The Great Lawsuit: Man versus Men. Woman versus Women ‘

Frederick Douglass, selections from Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass

Charles Sanders Peirce, “The Fixation of Belief” and “How to Make Our Ideas Clear”

William James, “A World of Pure Experience” from Essays in Radical Empiricism, and “What Pragmatism Means,” from Pragmatism

Josiah Royce, “The Body and Its Members” and“The Will to Interpret,” from The Problem of Christianity

John Dewey, “The Postulate of Immediate Empircism” “Existence as Precarious and Stable,”from Experience and Nature, “The Pattern of Inquiry,” from Logic: The Theory of Inquiry, and “Creative Democracy: The Task Before Us”

Jane Addams, “Charitable Effort,” from Democracy and Social Ethics

Alain Locke, “Cultural Pluralism”

W. E. B. Du Bois, “Our Spiritual Strivings,” from The Souls of Black Folk

Efekty kształcenia: (tylko po angielsku)

As a result of this course students will:

a) learn some of the major figures and themes in the history of American philosophy,

b) be able to trace the historical development of American philosophy from its origins in Puritanism through the classical Pragmatists,

c) understand the historical forces that shaped the development of American philosophy as well as how that philosophy influenced the development of American history and contemporary American life, politics, and thinking,

d) be able to articulate American philosophy’s relationship to main currents in Eureapean philosophy, how it both appropriated certain ideas and reacted against others,

e) be well prepared to conduct more specialized studies of American philosophy,

f) be able to understand contemporary Neo-Pragmatism and debates regarding it, and

g) better understand how and why Americans think and act the way that they do as a result of knowing their philosophy.

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Właścicielem praw autorskich jest Uniwersytet Warszawski.