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Social Philosophy

Informacje ogólne

Kod przedmiotu: 3501-SCP18-S Kod Erasmus / ISCED: 08.1 / (0223) Filozofia i etyka
Nazwa przedmiotu: Social Philosophy
Jednostka: Instytut Filozofii
Grupy:
Punkty ECTS i inne: (brak)
zobacz reguły punktacji
Język prowadzenia: angielski
Rodzaj przedmiotu:

seminaria monograficzne

Założenia (opisowo):

Student should know the History of Philosophy: Ancient, Medieval and Modern (up to XIX century). Knowledge of the Contemporary Philosophy is not necessary but could be helpful. The student should know English on a communicative level and be able to make a short speech during the seminar.

Tryb prowadzenia:

w sali

Skrócony opis:

Social Philosophy to seminarium mające na celu problematyczne ujęcie zagadnień współczesnej filozofii społecznej w odniesieniu do klasycznych teorii. W trakcie kursu studenci zapoznają się z czterema blokami tematycznymi, które stanowią trzon zagadnień podejmowanych w ramach filozofii społecznej: społeczeństwo obywatelskie, uznanie, dialektyka rozumu oraz przekształcenia pracy i technologii. Każdy blok łączyć będzie klasycznych autorów z ich współczesnymi komentatorami, kontynuatorami i krytykami. Takie ujęcie problemowe pozwoli na śledzie historii idei oraz wskaże ciągłość kluczowych problemów filozofii społecznej.

Pełny opis:

Social Philosophy is a seminar intended to problematically address the issues of contemporary social philosophy in relation to classical theories. During the seminar students will get acquainted with four thematic blocks, which form the core of issues undertaken within the framework of social philosophy: civil society, recognition, dialectics of reason and labor and technological changes.

In the block titled Civil Society it is analyzed how the idea of society has changed from ancient to modern times. Aristotle`s “Politics” is treated here as the core paper which influenced social and political philosophy of the Middle Ages, especially philosophy of Saint Thomas Aquinas. The modern social philosophy begins with Thomas Hobbes and his social contract theory, which could by analyzed also from the perspective of artificiality in the opposite to naturality of the origin of the state according to Aristotle and St Thomas. Locke maintains the ideas of Hobbes, but introduces civil society as the sovereign. Moreover Locke employs religion to his justification which is reformulated by Max Weber and his attitude to the protestant ethics as the cultural source of capitalism. John Rawls, as the contemporary commentator of the contract theory, indicates on justice as fairness as necessary for the modern society, and Michael Walzer discusses the whole idea of civil society for democracy.

In the block titled Recognition it is undertaken the paradigm figure of the struggle for recognition from Hegelian “Phenomenology of Spirit”. This figure is discussed by Axel Honneth and Nolan Gertz in the contemporary contexts of love and solidarity, and recognizing of robots as vulnerable beings.

In the block titled Dialectics of Reason the Enlightenment is treated as the epoch and as the philosophical idea which has influenced contemporary philosophy. Beginning with Kant, through Horkheimer and Adorno, Habermas and Feenberg it is discussed what reason means nowadays.

In the block titled Labor and Technological Changes two main problems are undertaken. First is the status of labor as the element of social production and reproduction (Marx, Arendt). Second is the technological change that assumes also changes in social ontology (which is analyzed by Latour, Akrich, Haraway, Hardt and Negri).

Each block will combine classic authors with their contemporary commentators, followers and critics. Such an approach will allow to follow the history of ideas and will indicate the continuity of key problems in social philosophy.

Literatura:

CIVIL SOCIETY

-Aristotle; Politics, Book I.

-St Thomas Aquinas; De Regno, Book I.

-Hobbes Thomas; Leviathan, chapter XIII, XIV.

-Skinner Quentin; „Hobbes and the Purely Artificial Person of the State”, The Journal of Political Philosophy: Volume 7, Number 1, 1999, pp. 1-29.

-Locke John; Two Treatises of Government, Concerning the True Original Extent and End of Civil Government, chapter I, II, III, V.

-Weber Max; The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, chapter V.

-John Rawls; „Justice as Fairness: Political not Metaphysical”, Philosophy and Public Affairs, Vol. 14, No. 3, (Summer, 1985), pp. 223-251.

-Walzer Michael; „The Civil Society Argument” [in:] Dimensions of Radical Democracy. Pluralism, Citizenship, Community, ed. Chantal Mouffe, pp. 89-107.

RECOGNITION

-Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich; Phenomenology of Spirit, Independence and dependence of self-consciousness: Lordship and Bondage.

-Honneth Axel; The Struggle for Recognition, Patterns of Intersubjective Recognition: Love, Rights, and Solidarity.

-Gertz Nolen; „Hegel, the Struggle for Recognition, and Robots”, Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology, 2018.

DIALECTICS OF REASON

-Kant Immanuel; An Answer to the Question: "What is Enlightenment?" and Metaphysics of Morals, Doctrine of Right, § 43–§ 62.

-Horkheimer Max, Adorno Theodor; Dialectic of Enlightenment, Excursus I: Odysseus or Myth and Enlightenment.

-Habermas Jürgen; The Theory of Communicative Action, vol I. Reason and Rationalization of Society, The Critique of Instrumental Reason.

-Andrew Feenberg; „The Mediation Is the Message: Rationality and Agency in the Critical Theory of Technology”, Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 17:1 (Winter 2013): pp. 7–24.

LABOR AND TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGES

-Marx Karl; Economic & Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844, Estranged Labor.

-McKenzie Donald; Marx and the Machine, Technology and Culture, Vol. 25, No. 3 (Jul., 1984), pp. 473-502.

-Arendt Hannah; The Human Condition, chapter III Labor.

-Latour Bruno; We have never been modern, chapter 2 Consititution.

-Akrich Madeline, Latour Bruno; „A Summary of a Convenient Vocabulary for the Semiotics of Human and Nonhuman Assemblies” [in:] Shaping Technology/ Building Society. Studies in Sociotechnical Change ed. by Wiebe E. Bijker and John Law, pp. 259-264.

-Haraway Donna; A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century.

-Hardt Michael, Negri Antonio; Multitude. War and Democracy in the Age of Empire; Chapter 2.3. Traces of the Multitude, pp. 189-219.

Efekty uczenia się:

Knowledge: Student has knowledge of the key problems of social philosophy from antiquity to modern times.

Skills: Student is able to relate the acquired knowledge to contemporary issues undertaken within the social philosophy, but also more broadly, in the public debate. The student understands the continuity of certain philosophical concepts and is able to formulate the problems associated with them.

Social competence: Student is able to see problems in social life and to refer them to philosophical concepts.

Metody i kryteria oceniania:

Short speech during the seminar in the form of the introduction to the chosen text from the list above; activity during the seminar.

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Opisy przedmiotów w USOS i USOSweb są chronione prawem autorskim.
Właścicielem praw autorskich jest Uniwersytet Warszawski.