Prevention of human rights atrocities
|Kod przedmiotu:||2200-9HA-10||Kod Erasmus / ISCED:||14.6 / (0312) Politologia i wiedza o społeczeństwie|
|Nazwa przedmiotu:||Prevention of human rights atrocities|
|Jednostka:||Wydział Prawa i Administracji|
|Punkty ECTS i inne:||4.00|
The course is an excellent opportunity to familiarize yourselves with the problem of mass atrocities prevention. Students analyze historical and contemporary examples of international crimes. They study models of committing genocide and analyze their stages in comparative perspective. The purpose is to identify internal and international actors who can contribute to structural and operational prevention as well as instruments, which can be used in this area. What are roles of states, international organizations and individuals? What measures can be used before, during and after the armed conflict to prevent mass atrocities?
I Introduction to Prevention of Mass Atrocities
- explaining major categories and definitions
- goals of the course
- Warsaw as a memorial city
II Mass atrocities in Historical Perspective – Their Course and Consequences
- Soviet crimes
- Colonialism crimes
- D. Schaller, J. Zimmerer, The Origins of Genocide. Raphael Lemkin as a Historian of Mass Violence, 2009.
- R. Serbyn, Holodomor: The Ukrainian Genocide, in: A. Bieńczyk-Missala, S. Dębski (ed.), Rafał Lemkin. A Hero of Humankind, Warsaw 2010.
- R. Hovannisian, The Armenian Genocide, 2004.
- S. Robinson, J. Patten, The Question of Genocide and Indigenous Child Removal: The - Colonial Australian Context, “The Journal of Genocide Research”, No. 10, 2008.
III Groups of Victims During WWII and techniques of extermination
- national, ethnic, religious groups, among others Jews, Roma
- political groups
- R. Lemkin, Genocide—A New Term And New Conception For Destruction Of Nations (Chapter IX), Axis Rule In Occupied Europe, NYC 1944.
- Holocaust Encyclopedia, US Holocaust Memorial Museum
- R. Melson, Paradigms of Genocide: The Holocaust, the Armenian Genocide, and Contemporary Mass Destruction, ANNALS, AAPSS, 548, Nov. 1996.
- Mosaic of Victims, US Holocaust Memorial Museum
IV. Genocide as a process and prevention
- Stages of Genocide by Dr. Gregory Stanton
- Case study: Rwanda
- G.H. Stanton, 10 Stages of Genocide
- Human Rights Watch Report, The Rwandan Genocide: How It Was Prepared, April 2006.
- Maria van Haperen, The Rwandan Genocide, 1994,
V. Hate speech
- Definition and the scope
- Dangerous speech
- Case studies
- Council of Europe Fact Sheet
- S. Benesch's Dangerous Speech framework, luty 2003, http://dangerousspeech.org/guidelines
- S. Benesch, Countering Dangerous Speech: New Ideas for Genocide Prevention, “Working Paper”, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, seminar, 2014.
VI.-VII. The role of Individuals
- Experiments: Milgram’s, Zimbard’s
- E. Staub, The Psychology of Bystanders, Perpetrators and Heroic Helpers, (in:) The Psychology of Good and Evil: Why children, adults and groups help and harm others, NY Cambridge 2003.
- Jean Hatzfeld, Machete Season, New York 2003.
- J. Waller, The Ordinariness of Extraordinary Evil: the Making of Perpetrators of Genocide and Mass Killing.
- S.A. McLeod, The Milgram Experiment, 2007. from www.simplypsychology.org/milgram.html -
- S.A. McLeod, Stanford Prison Experiment, 2008 (updated 2016), from www.simplypsychology.org/
VIII. "Responsibility to Protect"
- From the humanitarian intervention to R2P
- The work of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty
- Adapting the concept by the United Nations
- The involvement of the Secretary-General
- The role of states and other actors
- case studies: Libya, Syria
- Report „Responsibility to Protect” ICISS, 2001.
- 2005 World Summit Outcome, GA Resolution
- N. Tocci, On Power and Norms. Libya, Syria, And the Responsibility to Protect, “Transatlantic Academy Paper Series”, April 2014.
IX. Risk Evaluation and Early Warning
- Office of The Special Adviser on The Prevention of Genocide
- Framework of Analysis for the Prevention of Atrocity Crimes
- Office of the Special Adviser of the Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide, Analysis Framework, A Guide for States
- Framework of Analysis for the Prevention of Atrocity Crimes
X. State Preventive Instruments
- early warning
- political and diplomatic instruments
- economic instruments
- legal instruments
- social instruments
-Early warning, assessment and the responsibility to protect, Secretary General report, 2010
-Responsibility to protect: State responsibility and prevention, Secretary General report, 2013
-A. Bellamy, A Lupel, Why we fail: Obstacles to the Effective Prevention of Mass Atrocities, June 2015.
X. International Institutions and Instruments
- United Nations
- Regional Organizations
- Role of states
A. Bieńczyk-Missala, 2016, Early warning and prevention of atrocity crimes – the role of the United Nations (w:) Dorota Heidrich, Klaus Bachmann (eds): The Legacy of Crimes, Crises and Violence. Transitional Justice, Domestic Change and the Role for the International Community, Peter Lang Edition, s. 199-216.
XI. Prevention and non-governmental organizations
- Genocide Prevention Task Force, 2008.
- Task Force on the European Union Prevention of Mass Atrocities, Budapest Centre for International Prevention of Mass Atrocities 2013.
S. Wolff, Twenty Years On: The Continuing Relevance of the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities
|Efekty uczenia się:||
Has a thorough knowledge of the sources and developments of the international legal regulations on the gravest international crimes: war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide, their scope, causes and consequences as well as connections between massive violations of human rights and security.
Has specialised knowledge of national and international instruments and mechanisms for prevention and response to human rights atrocities.
Has a critical understanding of the humanitarian principles and standards and the problematic nature of the dilemmas involved.
Has demonstrated the ability to formulate adequate and ethically sound recommendations for humanitarian action, in particular in the area of prevention of human rights atrocities.
Has demonstrated the skills to identify, critically analyse, classify and assess cases of international crimes.
Has specialised skills to critically analyse and assess contemporary instruments and mechanisms for prevention of international crimes, and to promote the best and safest response in humanitarian emergency contexts.
Has shown to be able to work in a professional environment demanding competences in the area of prevention of human rights atrocities and international crimes, as well as restoration of the rule of law and respect for human rights.
|Metody i kryteria oceniania:||
The group project (70%), engagement and presentations (30%)
Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr letni 2020/21" (jeszcze nie rozpoczęty)
|Okres:||2021-02-22 - 2021-06-13||
zobacz plan zajęć
Wykład, 30 godzin więcej informacji
|Prowadzący grup:||Agnieszka Bieńczyk-Missala|
|Lista studentów:||(nie masz dostępu)|
Wykład - Egzamin
Właścicielem praw autorskich jest Uniwersytet Warszawski.