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The Archaeology of Israel/Palestine (from Chalcolithic to Iron Ages) - ZIP

Informacje ogólne

Kod przedmiotu: 3104-WH19-RKLETT1-OG Kod Erasmus / ISCED: 08.3 / (0222) Historia i archeologia
Nazwa przedmiotu: The Archaeology of Israel/Palestine (from Chalcolithic to Iron Ages) - ZIP
Jednostka: Instytut Historyczny
Grupy: Przedmioty ogólnouniwersyteckie humanistyczne
Przedmioty ogólnouniwersyteckie Instytutu Historycznego
Zajęcia obcojęzyczne w IH UW
Punkty ECTS i inne: (brak)
zobacz reguły punktacji
Język prowadzenia: angielski
Rodzaj przedmiotu:


Założenia (opisowo):

Wymagana znajomość języka angielskiego

Skrócony opis: (tylko po angielsku)


Pełny opis: (tylko po angielsku)

Introduction to Archaeology of Israel/Palestine

This course is a general introduction to the archaeology of Israel/Palestine, presenting the major material cultures of the 4th-1st Millennia BC according to archaeological periods (Chalcolithic, Bronze, and Iron Ages). Understanding the archaeological basis is important also for other (historical and theological) disciplines. More focus will be placed on the second and first Millennia BC (Middle Bronze to Iron Ages). We will review major sites, excavations, finds, settlement patterns, daily life, economies, and temples and cult. We will also discuss theories on urbanization, pastoralism, creation of ‘states’, etc.

The course is intended for BA, but open to all other students. Prior knowledge in archaeology is not required, but good English is (we will read and discuss articles in class). Total 15 meetings (30 Hours). Time: February 19, 2020 to June 10, 2020 (no classes April 15 and 22). Requirements from students: active participation in classes, reading given articles (3-4 articles, not long), and a written exam.

Topics for classes include:

• Introduction: basics of archaeology; the geographic frame; the archaeological and historical periods.

• The Enigmatic Chalcolithic Period (4th Millennium BC)

• Early Bronze Age 1- villages on road to Urbanization.

• Early Bronze Age 2-3: The rise and fall of the Cities

• MB1/EB4/Intermediate Bronze Age- an interregnum.

• Middle Bronze Age II: Second Urbanization and the ‘Hyksos’

• The Late Bronze Age: Entry of History and the ‘International Age’

• Iron Age I in the Hills: New Settlers – whence, when, how, and who?

• Iron Age I Philistia

• Iron Age II: The Kingdoms of Israel and Judah

• Iron Age II: under Assyrian Rule.

Literatura: (tylko po angielsku)

1. General Books

Aharoni, Y. 1978. The Archaeology of the Land of Israel. Philadelphia.

Aharoni, Y. 1979. The Land of the Bible: A Historical Geography. Philadelphia.

Albright, W.F. 1940. The Archaeology of Palestine. Penguin.

Ben-Tor, A. ed. 1992. The Archaeology of Ancient Israel. Yale University Press.

Greenberg, R. 2019. The Archaeology of the Bronze Age Levant. Cambridge.

Kamlah, J. ed. 2012. Temple Building and Temple Cult: Architecture and Cultic Paraphernalia of Temples in the Levant (2.–1. Mill. b.c.e.). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Kenyon, K.M. 1960. Archaeology of the Holy Land. (Rev. ed. 1979). London.

Mazar, A. 1990. The Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, Vol. I. 10,000-586 B.C.E. New York.

Stern, E. ed. 1993. The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land (EAHEL). 4 volumes; 5th vol. added 2007.

Stern, E. 2001. The Archaeology of the Land of the Bible. Volume II: The Assyrian, Babylonian and Persian Periods (732-332.C.E.). New York.

2. Chalcolithic Period

Alon, D. and Levy, T.E. 1989. The Archaeology of Cult and Chalcolithic Sanctuary at Gilat. Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 2: 163–221.

Artin, G. 2014–2015. Ensemble et pratiques funéraires au Liban au IVe millénaire. Archaeology and History in Lebanon 40–41: 18–35.

Bar-Adon, P. 1980. The Cave of the Treasure. The Finds from the Caves in Nahal Mishmar, Jerusalem.

Braun, E. and van den Brink, E. 2008. Appraising South Levantine-Egyptian Interaction. In: Midant-Reynes, B. et al. eds. Predynastic and Early Dynastic Egypt. Leuven: 643–688.

Epstein, C. 1998. The Chalcolithic Culture of the Golan. Jerusalem: IAA Reports 4.

Gal, Z. 2001. The Peqi’in Cave. A Chalcolithic Cemetery in Upper Galilee, Israel. Near Eastern Archaeology 74: 196-206.

Gilead, I. 1988. The Chalcolithic Period in the Levant. Journal of World Prehistory 2: 397-443.

Gilead, I. 2002. Religio-magic Behavior in the Chalcolithic Period of Palestine. In S. Ahituv and E. D. Oren eds., Studies in Archaeology and Related Disciplines. Beersheva: Ben-Gurion University: 103–128.

Joffe, A.H. and Dessel, J.P. 1995. Redefining Chronology and Terminology for the Chalcolithic of the Southern Levant. Current Anthropology 36: 507–518.

Klimscha, F. 2011. Long-Range Contacts in the Late Chalcolithic of the Southern Levant. Excavations at Tall Hujayrat al-Ghuzlan and Tall al-Magass Near Aqaba, Jordan. In J.E. Mynářová ed. Egypt and the Near East – The Crossroads. Prague: 177–209.

Koeppel, R. 1940. Teleilat Ghassul II. Rome.

Levy, T.E. 1987. Shiqmim. Studies Concerning Chalcolithic Societies in the Northern Negev Desert, Israel (1982-1984). BAR Int. Series 356. Oxford.

Levy, T.E. 1995. Cult, Metallurgy and Rank Societies – Chalcolithic Period (ca. 4500-3500 B.C.). In: The Archaeology of Society in the Holy Land. London: 226–244.

Lovell, J.L. and Rowan, Y.M. (eds.) 2011. Culture, Chronology and the Chalcolithic: Theory and Transition. Oxford: Oxbow.

Mallon, A., et al. 1934. Teleilat Ghassul I: 1929–32. Rome.

Nativ, A. 2014. Prioritizing Death and Society: The Archaeology of Chalcolithic and Contemporary Cemeteries in the Southern Levant. Durham: Equinox.

Perrot, J., and D. Ladiray. 1980. Tombes ą ossuaires de la région cōtičre palestinienne au IVe millénaire avant l’čre chrétienne. Paris: Paléorient.

Rowan, Y.M. and Golden, J. 2009. The Chalcolithic Period of the Southern Levant: A Synthetic review. Journal of World Prehistory. DOI 10.1007/s10963-009-9016-4.

Ussishkin, D. 2007. The Ghassulian Shrine at En-Gedi. In: E. Stern, ed. En-Gedi Excavations I (1961–1965). Jerusalem: 29–68.

3. Early Bronze Age

Adams, M.J. et al. 2014. The Great Temple of Early Bronze I Megiddo. American Journal of Archaeology 118: 285–305

Amiran, R. 1978. Early Arad: First-Fifth Seasons of Excavations 1962–1966. Jerusalem.

Andelkovic, B. 2012. Hegemony for Beginners: Egyptian Activity in the Southern Levant during the Second Half of the Fourth Millennium BC. Issues in Ethnology and Anthropology 7/3: 789-808.

Atkins, S. 2017 A New Inter-regional Trajectory for Interactions between Northeast Africa and the Southwest Levant during the 4th Millennium BCE. Strata 35: 135–164.

Beck, P. 2002. Issues in the Art of Early Bronze Age Palestine. In Imagery and Representation. Studies in the Art and Iconography of Ancient Palestine: Collected Articles. Tel Aviv: 19–57.

Braun, E. 2011. Early Interaction between Peoples of the Nile Valley and the Southern Levant. In: E. Teeter (ed.) Egypt before the Pyramids: the Origins of Egyptian Civilization. Chicago: 106–122.

Braun E. and Roux, V. eds. 2013. The Transition Late Chalcolithic to Early Bronze Age in the Southern Levant. Paléorient 39. Paris: CNRS.

Chesson, M.S. 2012. Homemaking in the Early Bronze Age. In: B.J. Parker and C.P. Foster eds. New Perspectives on Household Archaeology. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns 45–80.

Chesson, M.S. 2015. Reconceptualizing the Early Bronze Age Southern Levant without Cities: Local Histories and Walled Communities of EB II–III Societies. Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 28: 23–50.

De Miroschedji, P. 2011. At the Origin of Canaanite Cult and Religion: The Early Bronze Age Fertility Ritual in Palestine. Eretz Israel 30: 74*–103*.

De-Miroschedji, P. 2014. The Southern Levant (Cisjordan) during the Early Bronze Age. In M.L. Steiner and A.E. Killebrew eds. Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Levant, c. 8000‒332 BCE. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 307–329.

Greenberg, R., et al. 2006. Bet Yerah: The Early Bronze Age Mound I. Jerusalem: IAA Reports 29.

Greenberg, R. 2017. No Collapse: Transmutations of Early Bronze Age Urbanism in the Southern Levant. In F. Höflmayer ed., The Late Third Millennium in the Ancient Near East: Chronology, C14, and Climate Change. Chicago: Oriental Institute: 31–58.

Ilan, D. 2002. Mortuary Practices in Early Bronze Age Canaan. Near Eastern Archaeology 65: 92–104.

Isserlis, M. 2015. Khirbet Kerak Ware and the Early Transcaucasian Culture: Ceramic Technological Behavior as Cultural Signifier. PhD dissertation, Tel Aviv University.

Jennings, J. and Earle, T. 2016. Urbanization, State Formation, and Cooperation: A Reappraisal. Current Anthropology 57: 474–493.

Kohl, P.L. 2009. Origins, Homelands and Migrations: Situating the Kura-Araxes Early Transcaucasian “Culture” within the History of Bronze Age Eurasia. Tel Aviv 36: 241–265.

Mazar, A. and Rotem, Y. 2009. Tel Bet Shean during the EB IB Period: Evidence for Social Complexity in the Late 4th Millennium BC. Levant 41: 131–153.

Milevski, I. 2011. Early Bronze Age Goods Exchange in the Southern Levant: A Marxist Perspective. London: Equinox.

Paz, Y. 2018. Leviah: An Early Bronze Age Fortified Town in the Megalithic Landscape of the Golan. Kinneret College: Ostracon.

Philip, G. 2008. The Early Bronze Age. In: R.B. Adams ed. Jordan: An Archaeological Reader. London: Equinox: 161–226.

Rast, W. and Schaub, T. 2003. Bab edh-Dhra‘: Excavations at the Town Site (1975–81). Winona Lake.

Regev, J., et al. 2012. Chronology of the Early Bronze Age in the Southern Levant: New Analysis for a High Chronology. Radiocarbon 54: 525–566.

Richard, S.L. 1987. The Early Bronze Age: The Rise and Collapse of Urbanism. Biblical Archaeologist 50:22-43.

Rosen, S.A. 2002. An Economic Model for Early Bronze Age Pastoral Nomadism. In: S. Ahituv and E.D. Oren eds. Aharon Kempinski Memorial Volume: Beer-Sheva XV: 344–359.

Rosenberg, D. and Chasan, R. 2018. The Characteristics and Significance of Prestige Goods during the Early Bronze Age Period of the Southern Levant: The Particular Case of the Four-Handled Basalt Vessels Phenomenon. Quaternary International 464: 241–259.

Rotem, Y. 2015. The Central Jordan Valley in the Early Bronze Age I and the Transition to Early Bronze II: Patterns and Processes in a Complex Village Society. PhD dissertation, Tel Aviv University.

Savage, S.H., et al. 2007. The Early Bronze Age City States of the Southern Levant: Neither Cities or States. In: T.E. Levy, et al. (eds.), Crossing Jordan. London: Equinox: 285–297.

Schloen, D. 2017. Economic and Political Implications of Raising the Date for the Disappearance of Walled Towns in the Early Bronze Age Southern Levant. In F. Höflmayer, ed. The Late Third Millennium in the Ancient Near East. Chicago: Oriental Institute: 59–72.

Sowada, K.N. 2009. Egypt in the Eastern Mediterranean during the Old Kingdom: An Archaeological Perspective. OBO 237. Fribourg: Academic Press.

Ussishkin, D. 2015. The Sacred Area of Early Bronze Megiddo: History and Interpretation. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 373: 69–104.

Wilkinson, T., et al. 2014. Contextualizing Early Urbanization: Settlement Cores, Early States, and Agropastoral Strategies in the Fertile Crescent during the Fourth and Third Millennia B.C. Journal of World Prehistory 27: 43–109.

Yekutieli, Y. 2014. The Early Bronze Age Southern Levant: The Ideology of an Aniconic Reformation. In A.B. Knapp and P. van Dommelen eds. The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age in the Mediterranean. Cambridge: Cambridge University: 609–618.

4. Intermediate Bronze Age

Bechar, S. 2015. A Reanalysis of the Black Wheel-Made Ware of the Intermediate Bronze Age. Tel Aviv 42: 27–58.

Chesson, M.S. ed. 2011. Daily Life, Materiality and Complexity in Early Urban Communities of the Southern Levant. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.

D’Andrea, M. 2014. The Southern Levant in the Early Bronze IV: Issues and Perspectives in the Pottery Evidence. Rome: Sapienza.

Dever, W.G., 2014. Excavations at the Early Bronze IV Sites of Jebel Qa‘aqir and Be’er Resisim. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.

Dunseth, Z.C. et al. 2016. Geoarchaeological Investigation at the Intermediate Bronze Age Negev Highlands Site of Mashabe Sade. Tel Aviv 43: 43–75.

Greener, A., 2006. Intermediate Bronze Age Burial and Society in the Land of Israel. M.A. thesis, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan.

Greener, A. 2012. The Symbolic and Social Meanings of the Intermediate Bronze Age Copper Daggers. Palestine Exploration Quarterly 144: 33–46.

Greenhut, Z. 1995. EB IV Tombs and Burials in Palestine. Tel Aviv 22: 3–46.

Haiman, M. 1996. Early Bronze Age IV Settlement Patterns of the Negev and Sinai Deserts: View from Small Marginal Temporary Sites. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 303: 1–32.

Kennedy, M.A. 2015. Life and Death at Tell Umm Hammād, Jordan: A Village Landscape of the Southern Levantine Early Bronze Age IV/Intermediate Bronze Age. ZDPV 131: 1–28.

Kennedy, M.A. 2016. The End of the 3rd Millennium BC in the Levant: New Perspectives and Old Ideas. Levant 48: 1–32.

Mazar, A. 2006. Tel Beth-Shean and the Fate of Mounds in the Intermediate Bronze age. In S. Gitin, J.E. Wright and J.P. Dessel, eds. Confronting the Past: Archaeological and Historical Essays on Ancient Israel in Honor of Willliam G. Dever. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns 105–118.

Palumbo, G. 1987. “Egalitarian” or “Stratified” Society? Some Notes on Mortuary Practices and Social Structure at Jericho in EB IV. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 267: 43–59.

Palumbo, G. et al. 1990. The Early Bronze Age IV in the Southern Levant. Settlement Patterns, Economy and Material Culture of a “Dark Age”. Rome.

Paz, S. 2015. (In)visible Cities: The Abandoned Early Bronze Age Tells in the Landscape of the Intermediate Bronze Age Southern Levant. Archaeological Review from Cambridge, April: 28–36.

Philip, G. 1995. Warrior Burials in the Ancient Near-Eastern Bronze Age. In: S. Campbell and A. Green, eds. The Archaeology of Death in the Ancient Near East. Oxford: Oxbow: 140–154

Prag, K. 1974. The Intermediate Early Bronze-Middle Bronze Age: An Interpretation of the Evidence from Transjordan, Syria and Lebanon. Levant 6: 69–116.

Prag, K. 2014. The Southern Levant during the Intermediate Bronze Age. In: M.L. Steiner and A.E. Killebrew eds. The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Levant, c. 8000–332 BCE. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 388–400.

Richard, S., and J.C. Long, Jr. 2007. Khirbet Iskander: A City in Collapse at the End of the Early Bronze Age. In T.E Levy et al. eds. Crossing Jordan: North American Contributions to the Archaeology of Jordan. London: Equinox: 269–276.

Richard, S. et al. (eds.) 2010. Khirbat Iskandar: Final Report on the Early Bronze IV Area C “Gateway” and Cemeteries. Boston: American Schools of Oriental Research.

Schaub, R.T. 2009. The Southern Ghors and the Kerak Plateau in EB IV. In P. Parr ed. The Levant in Transition. Leeds: Maney: 101–110.

Sharon, G.et al. 2017. Monumental Megalithic Burial and Rock Art Tell a New Story about the Levant Intermediate Bronze “Dark Ages.” PLoS ONE 12(3): e0172969. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0172969

Yannai, E. 2007. An Intermediate Bronze Age Cemetery at Azor. ‘Atiqot 55: 1–28.

6. Late Bronze Age

Bar, S. et al. eds. 2011. Egypt, Canaan and Israel: History, Imperialism, Ideology and Literature. Leiden: Brill.

Barnett, R. D. 1982. Ancient Ivories in the Middle East. Jerusalem: Hebrew University.

Ben-Tor, D. 2016. Pharaoh in Canaan: The Untold Story. Jerusalem: Israel Museum.

Burke, A.A., et al. 2017. Excavations of the New Kingdom Fortress in Jaffa, 2011–2014: Traces of Resistance to Egyptian Rule in Canaan. American Journal of Archaeology 121: 85–133.

Choi, G.D. 2016. Decoding Canaanite Pottery Paintings from the Late Bronze Age and Iron Age I. OBO Series Archaeologica 37. Fribourg: Academic Press.

Cohen, R. and Westbrook, R. eds. 2000. Amarna Diplomacy: The Beginnings of International Relations. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.

Cole, L.M. 2004. The Economic Organization of Southern Canaan in the Late Bronze Age. PHD Thesis, University of Arizona.

Collins, J.B. 2007. The Hitties and their World. Atlanta: SBL.

Dothan, T. and Brandl, B. 2010. Deir el-Balah: Excavations in 1977–1982 in the Cemetery and Settlement. Qedem 49. Jerusalem.

Feldman, M. 2009. Hoarded Treasures: The Megiddo Ivories and the End of the Bronze Age. Levant 41:175–194.

Fischer, P. M. 2006. Tell Abu al-Kharaz in the Jordan Valley II: The Middle and Late Bronze Ages. Vienna.

Gachet-Bizollon, J. 2007. Les ivoires d’Ougarit et l’art des ivoiriers du Levant au Bronze Récent, Ras Shamra-Ougarit 16. Paris.

Gadot, Y. 2010. The Late Bronze Egyptian Estate at Aphek. Tel Aviv 37: 48–66,

Goldwasser, O. 2012. The Miners Who Invented the Alphabet – A Response to Christopher Rollston. Journal of Ancient Egyptian Interconnections 4: 9–22.

Gonen, R. 1992. Burial Patterns and Cultural Diversity in Late Bronze Age Canaan. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.

Goren, Y., et al. N. 2004. Inscribed in Clay: Provenance Study of the Amarna Tablets and Other Ancient Near Eastern Texts. Monograph Series 23. Tel Aviv.

Higginbotham, C. R. 2000. Egyptianization and Elite Emulation in Ramesside Palestine: Governance and Accommodation on the Imperial Periphery. Leiden: Brill.

Horowitz, W. and Oshima, T. 2006. Cuneiform in Canaan. Cuneiform Sources from the Land of Israel in Ancient Times. Jerusalem.

Killebrew, A. 2005. Biblical Peoples and Ethnicity: An Archaeological Study of Egyptians, Canaanites, Philistines and Early Israel, 1300–1100 BCE. Atlanta

Kitchen, K.A. 1982. Pharaoh Triumphant: The Life and Times of Ramesses II. Warminster.

Kochavi, M. 1990. Aphek in Canaan: The Egyptian Governor’s Residence and Its Finds. Israel Museum Catalogue 312. Jerusalem.

Knapp, A.B. and Demesticha, S. 2017. Mediterranean Connections: Maritime Transport Containers and Seaborne Trade in the Bronze and Early Iron Ages. New York: Routledge

Langgut, D. et al. 2013. Climate and the Late Bronze Collapse: New Evidence from the Southern Levant. Tel Aviv 40: 149–175.

Lemche, N.P. 1991. The Canaanites and their Land. JSOT 110. Sheffield.

Levy, E. 2017. A Note on the Geographical Distribution of New Kingdom Egyptian Inscriptions from the Levant. Journal of Ancient Egyptian, Interconnections 14: 14–21.

Liverani, M. 1990. Prestige and Interest: International Relations in the Near East ca. 1600–1100 BC. Padua.

Loud, G. 1939. The Megiddo Ivories. Chicago: University of Chicago.

Martin, M.A.S. 2011. Egyptian-Type Pottery in the Late Bronze Age Southern Levant. Vienna: Austrian Academy of Sciences.

Mieroop, M. van de- 2007. The Eastern Mediterranean in the Age of Ramesses II. Oxford: Blackwell.

Monroe, C.M. 2010. Sunk Costs at Late Bronze Age Uluburun. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 357: 19–33.

Moran, W. L. 1992. The Amarna Letters. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University.

Morris, E. F. 2005. The Architecture of Imperialism: Military Bases and the Evolution of Foreign Policy in Egypt’s New Kingdom. Leiden.

Na’aman, N. 1997. The Network of Canaanite Late Bronze Kingdoms and the City of Ashdod. UF 29: 599–625.

Na’aman, N. 2005. Canaan in the Second Millennium B.C.E. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.

Negbi, O. 1976. Canaanite Gods in Metal. Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University.

Niesiołowski-Spanò, L. and Węcowski, M. eds. 2018. Change, Continuity, and Connectivity. North-Eastern Mediterranean at the Turn of the Bronze Age and in the Early Iron Age. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.

Panitz-Cohen, N. and Mazar, A. 2006. Timnah (Tel Batash), Vol. III: The Finds from the Second Millennium BCE. Qedem 45. Jerusalem.

Pfoh, E. 2016. Syria-Palestine in the Late Bronze Age: An Anthropology of Politics and Power. London: Routledge.

Pouls-Wegner, M.-A. 2015. Anthropoid Clay Coffins of the Late Bronze Age to Early Iron Age in Egypt and the Near East: A Reevaluation of the Evidence from Tell el-Yahudiya. In T. Harrison et al. eds. Walls of the Prince: Egyptian Interaction with Southwest Asia in Antiquity. Leiden: Brill: 292–315.

Redford, D. B. 1992. Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times. Princeton.

Redford, D.B. 2003. The Wars in Syria and Palestine of Thutmoses III. Leiden: Brill.

Shai, I., et al. 2015. Late Bronze Age Cultic Activity in Ancient Canaan: A View from Tel Burna. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 374: 115–133.

Singer, I. 2010. The Calm before the Storm: Selected Writings of Itamar Singer on the End of the Late Bronze Age in Anatolia and the Levant. Atlanta: SBL.

Weinstein, J. M. 1981. The Egyptian Empire in Palestine: A Reassessment. BASOR 241: 1–28.

Zuckerman, S. 2007. Anatomy of a Destruction: Crisis Architecture, Termination Rituals and the fall of Canaanite Hazor. Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 20: 3–32.

7. Iron Age 1, Ethnicities, and 10th c. Chronologies

Ahituv, Sh. and Oren, E.D. eds. 1998. The Origin of Early Israel. Current Debate. Beer-Sheba.

Albright, W.F. 1935. Archaeology and the Date of the Hebrew Conquest of Canaan. BASOR 58: 10–18.

Albright, W.F. 1939. The Israelite Conquest of Canaan in the Light of Archaeology. BASOR 74:11–23.

Alt, A. 1925. The Settlement of the Israelites Tribes in Palestine. In: Essays on Old Testament History and Religion. Oxford: 133–169.

Alt, A. 1939. Erwagungen uber die Landnahme der Israeliten in Palastina. Palastina Jahrbuch 35:8-63 (=Kleine Schriften 1: 126–175).

Ben-Ami, D. 2001. The Iron Age I at Tel Hazor in Light of the Renewed Excavations. IEJ 51: 148–170.

Ben-Tor, A. 2000. Hazor and the Chronology of Northern Israel: A reply to Israel Finkelstein. BASOR 317:9–15.

Ben-Yosef, E. et al. 2012. A New Chronological Framework for Iron Age Copper Production at Timna. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 367: 31–71.

Dever, W.G. 1998. Archaeology, Identity and the Quest for an “Ancient” or “Biblical” Israel. Near Eastern Archaeology 61: 39–52.

Faust, A. 2007. Israel’s Ethnogenesis: Settlement, Interaction, Expansion and Resistance. London.

Finkelstein, I. 1988. The Archaeology of the Israelite Settlement.

Finkelstein, I. 1996. The Archaeology of the United Monarchy: An Alternative View. Levant 28: 177−187.

Finkelstein, I. 2013. 2013. The Forgotten Kingdom. The Archaeology and History of Northern Israel. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature

Finkelstein, I. and E. Piasetzky. 2006. The Iron Age I–IIA in the Highlands and Beyond: 14C Anchors, Pottery Phases and the Shoshenq I Campaign. Levant 38: 45–61.

Garfinkel, Y. and Ganor, S. 2008. Khirbet Qeiyafa 1. Jerusalem.

Jamieson-Drake, D.W. 1991. Scribes and Schools in monarchic Judah. Sheffield.

Kempinski, A. 1995. To what Extent were the Israelites Canaanites? Archaeology 4: 58–64.

Kletter, R. 2002 People without Burials? The Lack of Iron I Burials in the Central Highlands of Palestine. Israel Exploration Journal 52: 28–48.

Kletter, R. 2004. Chronology and United Monarchy: A Methodological Review. ZDPV 120: 13–54.

Kletter, R. 2006. Can a Proto-Israelite Please Stand Up? Notes on the Ethnicity of Iron Age Israel and Judah. In: A.M. Maeir and P. de-Miroschedji, eds. “I Will Speak the Riddles of Ancient times”. Archaeological and Historical Studies in Honor of Amihai Mazar. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns: 573–586.

Kletter, R. 2014. In the Footsteps of Bagira. Ethnicity, Archaeology, and ‘Iron I Ethnic Israel’. Approaching Religion 4/2: 2–15. https://journal.fi/ar/issue/view/4717

Lemche, N.P. 1985. Early Israel. Anthropological and Historical Studies on the Israelite Society before the Monarchy.

Master, D.M. 2001. State Formation and the Kingdom of Ancient Israel. JNES 60: 117–131.

Mazar, A. 2006. Excavations at Tel Beth Shean 1989–1996, Volume I. Jerusalem.

Na’aman, N. 1994. The Conquest of Canaan in the Book of Joshua and in History. In: Finkelstein, I. and Naaman, N. eds. From Nomadism to Monarchy. Washington: 218–281.

Na’aman, N. 2007. When and how did Jerusalem Become a Great city? BASOR 347: 21–56.

Nakhai, B. A. 2001. Archaeology and the Religions of Canaan and Israel. ASOR Books 7. Boston.

Niesiołowski-Spanò, L. 2016. Functional Ethnicities, or how to describe the Societies of Ancient Palestine? Ugarit Forschungen 47: 191–203.

Noth, M. 1958. History of Israel. London: 68–84.

Porter, B. 2013. Complex Communities: The Archaeology of Early Iron Age West-Central Jordan. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

Skjeggestad, M. 1992. Ethnic Groups in Early Iron Age Palestine: Some Remarks on the Use of the Term Israelite in Recent Research. JSOT 6: 159–186.

Smith, A.D. 1987. Ethnicity and the Origin of Nations. Oxford: Blackwell.

Thompson, T.L. 1992. Early History of the Israelite People.

Zertal, A. 1986–1987. An Early Iron Age Cultic Site on Mount Ebal: Excavation Seasons of 1982–1987. Tel Aviv 13–14: 105–165.

Zertal, A. 2004, 2008, 2016. The Manasseh Hill-Country Survey. Leiden: Brill. (Several Vols).

Zevit, Z. 2002. Three Debates about Bible and Archaeology. Biblica 83: 1–27.

8. Iron Age 2 Israel (and General)

Avigad, N. and Sass, B. 1997. Corpus of West Semitic Stamp Seals, Jerusalem.

Ben-Tor, A. ed. 2012. Hazor VI. The 1990–2009 Excavations. Jerusalem: IES.

Bunimovitz, S., and Faust, A. 2003. The Four-Room House and the Israelite Mind. In: W. G. Dever and S. Gitin eds. Symbiosis, Symbolism and the Power of the Past. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns: 411–423.

De-Vaux, R. 1969. Ancient Israel. 2 Vols. New York.

Dever, W.G. 2017. Beyond the Texts: An Archaeological Portrait of Ancient Israel and Judah. Atlanta: SBL.

Dobbs-Allsopp, F.W., et al. 2005. Hebrew Inscriptions. Texts from the Biblical Period of the Monarchy with Concordance. New Haven.

Faust, A. 2012. The Archaeology of Israelite Society in the Iron II. London: Equinox.

Finkelstein, I. et al. eds. 2000ff Megiddo III, IV, V. Monographs of the Institute of Archaeology, Tel Aviv University (3 volumes).

Frankel, R. 1999. Wine and Oil Production in Antiquity in Israel and Other Mediterranean Countries. Sheffield.

Gal, Z. and Alexandre, Y. 2000. Horbat Rosh Zayit: An Iron Age Storage Fort and Village (IAA Reports 8). Jerusalem.

Gilboa, A., et al. 2015. Dor, the Carmel Coast and Early Iron Age Mediterranean Exchanges. In: Babbi, A., et al. eds. The Mediterranean Mirror: Cultural Contacts in the Mediterranean Sea between 1200 and 750 B.C. Mainz: Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum: 85–109.

Harrison, T.P. 2004. Megiddo 3: Final Report on the Stratum VI Excavations. Chicago: The oriental Institute.

Kamlah, J. ed. 2012. Temple Building and Temple Cult. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Keel, O. and Uehlinger, C. 1998. Gods, Goddesses, and Images of God. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

Kletter, R. 2002. People without Burials? The Lack of Iron I Burials in the Central Highlands of Palestine. IEJ 52: 28–48.

Lehman, G. and Varoner, O. 2018. Early Iron Age Tombs in Northern Israel Revisited. Tel Aviv 45: 235–272.

Mazar, A. 2015. Religious Practices and Cult Objects during the Iron Age IIA at Tel Rehov and their Implications regarding Religion in Northern Israel. Hebrew Bible and Ancient Israel 4: 25–55.

Mazar, A. 2016: Culture, Identity and Politics Relating to Tel Reḥov in the 10th–9th Centuries BCE, in: O. Sergi et al. eds., In Search of Aram and Israel: Politics, Culture and Identity. Tübingen: 89–119.

Meshel, Z. 1978. Kuntillet Ajrud: A Religious Center from the Time of the Judaean Monarchy on the Border of Sinai (Israel Museum Catalogue 175). Jerusalem

Na’aman, N. 1991. The Kingdom of Judah under Josiah. Tel Aviv 18: 3–71.

Nakhai, B. 2019. Women in Israelite Religion: The State of Research Is All New Research. Religions 2019, 10, 122. Doi: 10.3390/rel10020122.

Routledge, B. 2014. Archaeology and State Theory: Subjects and Objects of Power. London: Bloomsbury.

Stern, E. 1995. Excavations at Dor, Final Report, Volume I B, Areas A and C: The Finds. Jerusalem.

Zevit, Z. 2001. The Religions of Ancient Israel: A Synthesis of Parallactic Approaches. London: Continuum.

8. Assyrian and Babylonian Rule

Alstola, T. 2020. Judeans in Babylonia. Leiden: Brill.

Aster, S.Z. and Faust, A. eds. 2018. The Southern Levant under Assyrian Domination. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.

Bagg, A. 2013. Palestine under Assyrian Rule. JAOS 133/1: 119–144

Berlejung, A. 2012. The Assyrians in the West: Assyrianization, Colonialism, Indiffference, or Development Policy? In: Nissinen, M. ed. Congress Volume Helsinki 2010 (SVT 148). Leiden: 21–60

Bloom, J.B. 1988. Material Remains of the Neo-Assyrian Presence in Palestine and Transjordan. PhD Dissertation, Bryn Mawr College, Pennsylvania.

Dalley, S. 2003. The Transition from the Neo-Assyrian to Neo-Babylonian: A Break or Continuity? Eretz Israel 27: 25*-28*.

Faust, A. 2012. Judah in the Neo-Babylonian Period. Atlanta: SBL.

Fritz, V. 1979. Die Paläste während der assyrischen, babylonischen und persischen Vorherrschaft in Palästina. MDOG 111: 63–74.

Fritz, V. 1990. Kinneret. Ergebnisse der Ausgrabungen auf dem Tell el-‘Oreme am See Gennesaret 1982–1985. Wiesbaden.

Gilboa, A. 1996. Assyrian Type Pottery at Dor and the status of the Town during the Assyrian Occupation Period. Eretz Israel 25: 122–135.

Gitin, S. 2003. Neo-Assyrian and Egyptian Hegemony over Ekron in the Seventh Century BCE. A Response to Lawrence E. Stager. Eretz Israel 27: 55*-61*.

Heinrich, E. 1984. Die Paläste in Alten Mesopotamia. Berlin. De-Gruyter.

Hemker, C. 1993. Altorientalische Kanalisation. Untersuchungen zu Be- und Entwässerungsanlagen im mesopotamisch- syrisch- anatolischen Raum. Münster. Agenda Verlag.

Kamlah, J. 2003. Tempel 650 in Ekron und die Stadttempel der Eisenzeit in Palästina. In: den Hertog, et al. eds. Saxa Loquentur. Studien zur Archäologie Palästina/Israel. Münster. Ugarit Verlag.

Kertai, D. 2015. The Architecture of Late Assyrian Royal Palaces. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Kletter, R. And Zwickel, W. 2006. The Assyrian Building of Ayyelet ha-Shahar. ZDPV 122: 151–186.

Lehman, G. 1996. Untersuchungen zur späten Eisenzeit in Syrien und Libanon. Stratigraphie und Keramikformen zwischen ca. 720 bis 300 v.Chr. Münster: Ugarit Verlag.

Lines, J. 1954. Late Assyrian Pottery from Nimrud. Iraq XVI: 164–167.

Lipschitz, O. 1990. The Date of the “Assyrian Residence” at Ayyelet Ha-Shahar. Tel Aviv 17: 96–99.

Lipschits, O. 2004. The Rural Settlement in Judah in the Sixth Century b.c.e.: A Rejoinder. PEQ 136: 99–107.

Loud, G. 1936. An Architectural Formulation for Assyrian Planning based on Results of Excavations at Khorsabad. Revue d’Assyriologique 33: 153–160.

Macchi, J.-D. 1994. Megiddo à l’époque assyrienne. Remarque à propos du dossier archéologique. Transeuphratene 7: 9–31.

Miglus, P.A. 1999. Stadtische Wohnarchitecture in Babylonien und Assyrien. Mainz: Von Zabern.

Na’aman, N. 1995. Province System and Settlement Pattern in southern Syria and Palestine in the Neo-Assyrian Period. In: Liverani, M. ed. Neo Assyrian Geography. Rome. University of Rome “La Sapienza”: 103–115.

Na’aman, N. 2001. An Assyrian Residence at Ramat Rahel? Tel Aviv 28:260–280.

Na’aman, N. 2003. Ekron under the Assyrian and Egyptian Empires. BASOR 332: 81–91.

Naaman, N. and Zadok, R. 2002. Assyrian Deportations to the Province of Samerina in the Light of Two Cuneiform Tablets from Tel Hadid, TA 27/2: 159–188

Reich, R. 1975. The Persian Building at Ayyelet ha-Shahar: The Assyrian Palace of Hazor? IEJ 25: 233–236.

Reich, R. 1992. Palaces and Residencies in the Iron Age. In: Kempinski, A. and Reich, R. eds. The Architecture of Ancient Israel. From the Prehistoric to the Persian Periods. Jerusalem: 202–222.

Reich, R. 2003. On the Assyrian Presence at Ramat Rahel. Tel Aviv 30:124–129.

Reich, R. and Brandl, B. 1985. Gezer under Assyrian Rule. PEQ: 41–54.

Singer-Avitz, L. 2007. On Pottery in Assyrian Style. A Rejoinder. Tel Aviv 34/2: 182–203.

Stern, E. 2003. The Assyrian Impact on the Material Culture of Palestine. EI 27: 218–229 (Hebrew).

Wilson, I.D. 2012. Judean Pillar Figurines and Ethnic Identity in the Shadow of Assyria. JSOT 36: 259–78.

Zilberg, P. 2016. The Assyrian Empire and Judah. In: Ganor, S. ed. From Sha‘ar Hagolan to Shaaraim. Essays in Honor of Prof. Yosef Garfinkel. Jerusalem: IEJ: 383–405.

...continuation will be given in class

Metody i kryteria oceniania: (tylko po angielsku)

Requirements from students: active participation in classes, reading given articles (3-4 articles, not long), and a written exam.

Przedmiot nie jest oferowany w żadnym z aktualnych cykli dydaktycznych.
Opisy przedmiotów w USOS i USOSweb są chronione prawem autorskim.
Właścicielem praw autorskich jest Uniwersytet Warszawski.