Moral Philosophy A
|Kod przedmiotu:||3501-WISIP-MrlPA2||Kod Erasmus / ISCED:||08.1 / (0223) Filozofia i etyka|
|Nazwa przedmiotu:||Moral Philosophy A|
Przedmioty obowiązkowe, studia dzienne WISIP
|Punkty ECTS i inne:||6.00|
Basic knowledge of the history of philosophy
The aim of the course is to analyze the basic emotional and affective phenomena which seem to play the crucial role in the moral life of human being.
The course is to be a general introduction to – what can be called – a phenomenological psychology of morals. Its aim is to analyze the emotional and affective phenomena which seem to play the crucial role in the moral life of human being.
The philosophical tradition seems to be divided into two opposed perspectives with regard to the role and importance of emotional phenomena. However both of them can be united under the general distinction between reason and sensibility. The distinction obviously assumed the irrationality of the latter. In accordance with the first perspective emotional and affective phenomena were seen as standing on the way to the ethical perfection or moral autonomy. The best and the most radical expression of this perspective can be found in the Kantian dismissal of all empirical emotions (as being pathological) in order to create the space for the only valid and genuine one, which is the respect before the moral law. The second perspective determined emotional and affective phenomena as having their own rights, but these rights remain non-transparent, resisting any attempts of being rationally mastered and rightly so. Although this picture is based on the serious oversimplification – one can find in the history of philosophy, or more in the history of culture the examples which would undermine this view – one can still claim that there is a kind of general and commonsensical distrust in emotional phenomena as being the obstacles for creating the stable, self-reliable and autonomous personality. This distrust finds its expressions in many common sayings like: “Don’t let your emotions get the better of you!”
In opposition to that view the course is based on the strong conviction that human emotions and affects have profound cognitive, disclosing, constituting and normative powers of their own. They not only enrich our mental life, but also are means of self-cognition. They determine the ways in which we relate to ourselves and constitute our identities. They disclose the world around us and present it as being such and such. Eventually and above all, they seem to play the fundamental role in our being among other people and as such they imply particular modes of normativity.
We will also reflect on the cultural determinations of the phenomena in which we are interested.
The objects of our analysis will be emotional phenomena such as: anxiety, repulsion, shame, guilt and forgiveness, hope, despair, love, trust.
P. Tillich, The Courage to Be (fr.)
E. Levinas, On Escape, (fr.)
J.-P. Sartre, Being and Nothingness, (fr.)
M. Scheler, Shame and Feelings of Modesty (fr.)
G. Agamben, Shame, or on the Subject, in; G. Agamben, Remnants of Auschwitz,
J. Kristeva, Approaching Abjection, in: J. Kristeva, Powers of Horror
K. Jaspers, The Question of German Guilt (fr.)
A. Margalit, The Ethics of Remembrance, (fr.)
M. Scheler, Repentance and Rebirth, (fr.)
J. Lear, Radical Hope. The Ethics in the Face of Cultural Devastation
G. Marcel, Homo Viator: Introduction to a Metaphysics of Hope, (fr.)
E. Levinas, Totality and Infinity, (fr.)
D. von Hildebrand, The Nature of Love, (fr.)
S. Kierkegaard, Works of Love, (fr.)
|Efekty uczenia się:||
- has the basic knowledge of the nature of philosophical psychology and how it is connected to moral psychology;
- has the basic knowledge of the place and the role of philosophical and moral psychology in relation to other philosophical disciplines and sciences;
- knows the basic terminology of philosophical and moral psychology;
- has the basic knowledge of the role emotions and affective phenomena play in human life;
- justifies and criticizes generalizations in the light of experiences;
- reads and interprets a philosophical text;
- uses correctly acquired philosophical terminology;
- analyzes different aspects of the particular emotions;
- understands the cognitive ambiguity inscribed into emotions;
- understands the axiological implications of different emotions;
- understands and/or is able to determine how particular emotions constitute the individual identities and determine intersubjective relations;
- is open to the new ideas and ready to change his opinion in the light of evidences and;
- is able to cooperate and to work in the group by taking the diffrent roles in it;
|Metody i kryteria oceniania:||
Active participation in discussions during the classes.
Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr zimowy 2019/20" (zakończony)
|Okres:||2019-10-01 - 2020-01-27||
zobacz plan zajęć
Tutorial, 60 godzin, 25 miejsc więcej informacji
|Prowadzący grup:||Przemysław Bursztyka|
|Lista studentów:||(nie masz dostępu)|
Tutorial - Egzamin
Właścicielem praw autorskich jest Uniwersytet Warszawski.