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Introduction to East African History 3104-WH19MPAW-OG
Semestr letni 2019/20
Wykład, grupa nr 1

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Przedmiot Introduction to East African History 3104-WH19MPAW-OG
Zajęcia Semestr letni 2019/20 (2019L) (w trakcie)
Wykład (WYK), grupa nr 1 [pozostałe grupy]
Termin i miejsce:
każdy czwartek, 13:15 - 14:45
sala 108
Budynek Dyd-Admin. z Biblioteką IH jaki jest adres?
Terminy najbliższych spotkań:
2020-07-16 13:15 : 14:45 sala 108
Budynek Dyd-Admin. z Biblioteką IH
2020-07-23 13:15 : 14:45 sala 108
Budynek Dyd-Admin. z Biblioteką IH
2020-07-30 13:15 : 14:45 sala 108
Budynek Dyd-Admin. z Biblioteką IH
Część spotkań jest ukryta - pokaż terminy wszystkich spotkań.
Liczba osób w grupie: 32
Limit miejsc: 40
Zaliczenie: Zaliczenie na ocenę
Prowadzący: Marek Pawełczak

Primary sources:

Beachey, R.W. (ed.), A Collection of Documents on the Slave Trade of Eastern Africa, New York: Barnes and Noble, 1976

’lAjjemy, Abdallah bin Hemedi, Habari za Wakilindi, J. W. T. Allen (ed.), Nairobi-Dar es Salaam-Kampala: EALB, 1962

Baumann, Oscar, Usambara und seine Nachbargebierte. Allgemeine Darstellung des Nordőstlichen Deutsch-Ostafrika und seiner Bewohner auf Grund einer im Auftrage der Deutsch-Ostafrikanischen Gesselschaft im Jahre 1890 ausgefűhrten Reise von Dr. --, Berlin: Dietrich Reimer, 1891

Bennett, Norman and Brooks Jr., George E. (eds.), New England Merchants in Africa: A History Through Documents 1802 to 1865, Boston, 1965

Burton, Richard F., The Lake Regions of Central Africa, a Picture of Exploration, vols. I-II, London, 1860

Burton, Richard F., ‘The Lake Regions of Central Equatorial Africa, with notices of the Lunar Mountains and the sources of the White Nile; being the results of an expedition undertaken under the patronage of Her Majesty’s Government and the Royal Geographical Society of London, in the years 1857-1859’, JRGS, 29, 1859, pp.1-454

Burton, Richard F., Zanzibar: City, Island and Coast, vols. I-II, London, 1872

Cameron, Verney, ‘The trade of Central Africa. Recent and future’, Journal of the Society of Arts, 25, 1876-7, pp.162-71

Cameron, Verney, Across Africa, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1877

Christie, James, ‘Slavery in Zanzibar as it is’, in: Harold A. Fraser (ed.), East African Slave Trade and the Measures Proposed for its Extinctions: As Viewed by Residents in Zanzibar, London, 1871, pp.31-64

Freeman, Grenville G.S.P., French at Kilwa Island. An Episode in Eighteen-Century East African History, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1965

Gray, John, The British in Mombasa 1824-26. Being the History of Captain Owen’s Protectorate, London: Macmillan & Co. Ltd., 1957

Guillain, Charles, Documents sur l’histoire la géographie et le commerce de l’Afrique Orientale, vols. I-II/2, Paris, 1856-1858

Krapf, John [Johann] L., Travels, Researches, and Missionary Labours during an Eighteen Years’ Residence in Eastern Africa, London, 1860

Livingstone, David and Charles, Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambesi and its Tributaries and of the Discovery of the Lakes Shirwa and Nyassa, London 1865

Livingstone, David, The Last Journals of David Livingstone, in Central Africa, from 1865 to His Death, Vol. I (1866–1868), London: John Murray, 1874

Lugard, Frederick D., The Rise of Our East African Empire: Early Efforts in Nyasaland and Uganda, vol. I, Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1893

Mtoro bin Mwinyi Bakari, The Customs of the Swahili People: The Desturi za Waswahili of Mtoro bin Mwinyi Bakari and Other Swahili Persons, J. W. T. Allen (transl and ed.), Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981

al Murjebi, Hamed bin Muhammed, Maisha ya Hamed bin Muhammed al Murjebi yaani Tippu Tip, kwa maneo yake mwenyewe‎, W. H. Whiteley (ed.). EALB, 1974

New, Charles, Life, Wanderings, and Labours in Eastern Africa: With an Account of the First Successful Ascent of the Equatorial Snow Mountain, Kilima Njaro, and Remarks upon East African Slavery, London, 1873

Rigby, C.P., General Rigby, Zanzibar and the Slave Trade: With Journals, Dispatches etc., Mrs Charles E. B. Russell (ed.), London, 1935

Schmidt, Karl W., Sansibar: Ein Ostafrikanisches Culturbild, Leipzig, 1888

Schmidt, Rochus, Geschichte des Araberaufstandes in Ostafrika, Frankfurt/Oder, 1892

Speke, John H., Journal of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile, Edinburgh, 1863

Stanley, Henry M., How I Found Livingstone: Travels, Adventures, and Discoveries in Central Africa: Including Four Months’ Residence with Dr. Livingstone, London, 1872

Stanley, Henry M., Stanley’s Despatches to the New York Herald, 1871-1872, 1874-1877, N. Bennett (ed.), Boston, 1970

Zakres tematów:

1. Introductionary remarks. The world of the Swahili: the East African coast in the Middle Ages (until ca. 1500)

- Sources for East African history – archeology, linguistics, ethnology, architecture, art, written sources (indigenous and western), oral tradition

- Historical geography of East Africa: the world of interior and the world of the Indian Ocean: climate, soils,ecology, transport and communication, patterns of settlement

- Ethnology of East Africa

- Modes of subsitence

- The origins of the Swahili culture and its spread

- The role of the Middle Eastern immigrants

- The main town centers over the 2nd Millenium

- Political traditions of the Swahili states

2. Early Modern era: the periods of the Portuguese and Omani domination (until ca. 1800)

- The Portuguese conquest of East African coast

- The role of the coast in the Portuguese maritime empire

- Patterns of political domination

- African resistance against the Portuguese

- The Omani challange and the end of the Portuguese rule

- The state of the Mazru'i in Mombasa (until 1837)

- Political developments in Oman and the Indian Ocean region in the 18th century

- European presence in the region during the 18th century

3. Political history of the Muscat-Zanzibar state and the Sultante of Zanzibar in the 19th century

- The Bu Sa'idi dynasty in Oman

- Sayyid Sa'id Al Bu Sa'idi and his conquest of the East African coast

- The international status of the Muscat-Zanzibar state

- The split of Muscat and Zanzibar and its consequences

- The process of abolition of the slave trade

- The local administration and the judicial system. Authonomy of the local communities

- The military forces of Zanzibar

- The evolution of state and society

4. The trade of East Africa in the 19th century and its place in the economy of Zanzibar. The evolution of town culture

- The structure of the international trade of Zanzibar

- The Maritime and caravan trade: organization, financing, profitability, infrastructure

- The network of caravan routes

- Customs system and tariffs

- Ethnic structure of Zanzibar

- Religion

- Urban architecture and town space

- Rythms of urban life

- Fashion

5. Interior in the 19th century: political processes

- Chiefdoms and states – classification

- The acephalic peoples

- The Political evolution of trading groups

- The control over caravan routes

- The immigrant groups and their impact on the indigenous peoples

- Fugitive slaves' communities

- Political patronage

6. Plantation economy and slavery

– The map of the East African slave trade

- The ethnic structure of slavery

- The history of clove plantations in Zanzibar and Pemba

- Plantation economy on the mainland

- The structure of slavery, the living conditions of slaves

- The Zanzibar slave market

- The legal status of slaves in the Muslim communities

- Slavery in the non-Muslim societies

7. The states of the Interlacustrine Region in the 18th and 19th century

– Specifics of the Great Lakes region societies

– The origins and evolution of the region's states (according to the older and new theories)

- The role of the descent groups in the states' organisation; social stratification in the second half of the 19th century

- The status of the ruler (on examples of Kigeri Rwabugiri of Rwanda, Mutesa I of Buganda and Kabbarega of Bunyoro)

- The economic foundations of state organization

- The role of religion in the political life

- Military forces

8. European discovery of Africa and the 19th century globalisation of the region

- Christian Missions and their status in East Africa

- Strategies of evangelisation

- The problem of freed slaves and fugitives in the misions

- The African converts

- Exploration. The main personalities and their travels

- The race for the Nile sources

- The consequences of the Western exploration

9. Scramble for Africa, the forms of African collaboration and resistance

- The first colonial initiatives of the 1870s and 1880s

- The Conference of Berlin 1884/85

- The German annexations

- Delimitation of colonial borders

- The first stage of colonialism: Imperial British East Africa Company and Deutsch-Ostafrikanische Gesselschaft

- The Anti-German uprising of 1888-1889,

- The three revolutions in Buganda (1888)

- The British Protectorates and German East Africa

- The colonial governments until 1914

- White settlement

- Anti-colonial movements: Mbaruk al-Mazru'i's uprising, Maji Maji, Nyabingo

- The social consequences of colonisation

10. Colonialism in East Africa until 1950

- World War I in East Africa and its consequences

- The colonial states under British administration: Kenia, Tanganyika, and Uganda

- The concepts of indirect rule and native authority

- The problems of colonial societies: education, land alienation, urabnisation, ethnic tensions, class formation

- Classification of African political movements

11. Kenya after 1950

- The Mau Mau uprising and the election of 1957

- KANU, KADU, and the constitutional negotiations

- Self-government and independence

- The Kenyatta period

- The authoritarian rule of Daniel arap Moi until 1991

- The return of the political pluralism

12. Tanganyika and Zanzibar after 1950

- The formation of nationalist movements

- The independendence of Tanganyika and Zanzibar

- Zanzibar revolution of 1964; The political union between Zanzibar and Tanganyika

- Declaration of Arusha and the turn to the left

- Ujamaa: the fiasco of an African socialism

- The proces of democratisation until 2000

- Political Islam in Tanzania

13. Uganda after 1950

- Social tensions and Baganda separatism

- Political eclectism of independent Uganda

- Milton Obote's coup and the first period of his rule

- Idi Amin's dictatorship

- The second period of Obote

- The fall of Obote; Museveni and the National Resistance Movement

- The turn towards democracy and liberal economy

- Lord's Resistance Army

14. Rwanda and Burundi after 1950

- „Hamitic theory” and its impact on colonial societies

- „Revolution” in Rwanda, the fall of monarchy, and the independence

- The First and Second Republics in Rwanda

- The rule of the Tutsi in Burundi, the fall of monarchy

- Ethnic cleansings and genocide in Rwanda and Burundi before 1994

- The Tutsi and Hutu in Diaspora

- The intrusion of Rwanda Patriotic Army. The civil war 1990-1994

- Arusha agreement

- The genocide in Rwanda in 1994

- The victory of RPF

- The civil war in Burundi until 2000

Metody dydaktyczne:

Open discussion on short texts, final test.


dr hab. Marek Pawełczak

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