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(in Polish) Cicero’s Caesar(s): Speaking Truth(s) to Power

General data

Course ID: 3104-SD19BKROS Erasmus code / ISCED: (unknown) / (unknown)
Course title: (unknown) Name in Polish: Cicero’s Caesar(s): Speaking Truth(s) to Power
Department: Institute of History
Course groups: (in Polish) Seminaria dyplomowe
ECTS credit allocation (and other scores): (not available)
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Language: (unknown)
Type of course:

elective courses

Full description:

Marcus Tullius Cicero (106–44 BC) was the most accomplished orator of the Roman Republic, his language a sensitive index of the political and ideological pressures of his time. Among the most fascinating of his speeches are the three “Caesarian” speeches delivered to Julius Caesar, then dictator, on behalf of persons who had opposed Caesar in the civil war—the pro Marcello, pro Ligario, and pro rege Deiotaro. In the speeches Cicero, in many different ways, uses his hard-won rhetorical and literary skills, practiced over a lifetime in lawsuits, political debates, and philosophizing, not merely to speak on behalf of the immediate subjects of the speeches, but also to suggest social and political roles for Caesar himself. Caesar’s place in the Roman world is as much a topic of the three speeches as the immediate issue of each speech. The first and main question of this class is accordingly twofold: what are the basic issues of each speech? and what is the role that Cicero scripts for Caesar in each? That scripting often draws on allusions to not strictly rhetorical modes of speech, such as rhetorical criticism, popular philosophy, poetry, and the legal briefing. The second question of the class is thus, what does the highly varied rhetorical style of the speeches contribute to their arguments? and how is Cicero’s very language a mark of the ideological strain created by a supreme ruler?

Language of instruction: English, Polish

Languages required: Latin, English

Languages recommended: French, Italian, German

Bibliography:

Bibliography (partial)

Bringmann, K. 1986. “Der Diktator Caesar als Richter? Zu Ciceros Reden ‘Pro Ligario’ und ‘Pro Rege Deiotaro’,”

Hermes 114: 72–88.

Castorina, Emanuele. 1975. L’Ultima Oratoria di Cicerone. Catania: Giannotta.

Cipriani, G. 1977. “La pro Marcello e il suo significato come orazione politica.” Atene e Roma 22 (ser. 5): 113–25.

Coşkun, A. 2005. “Amicitiae und politische ambitionen im Kontext der causa Deiotariana,” in A. Coşkun (ed.), Roms auswärtige Freunde in der späten Republik und im frühen Prinzipat, Göttingen 2005: 127–154.

Craig, Christopher. 1984. “The Central Argument of Cicero’s Speech for Ligarius.” The Classical Journal 79.3: 193–99.

Dobesch, Gerhard. 1985. “Politische Bemerkungen zu Ciceros Rede pro Marcello.” In E. Weber and G. Dobesch (eds.), Römische Geschichte, Altertumskunde und Epigraphik: Festschrift für Artur Betz, Wien: 153–229.

Dugan, John. 2013. “Cicero and the Politics of Ambiguity: Interpreting the pro Marcello,” in C. Steel and H. van der Blom (eds.), Community and Communication: Oratory and Politics in Republican Rome (Oxford), 211–25.

Dyer, R.R. 1990. “Rhetoric and Intention in Cicero’s pro Marcello.” Journal of Roman Studies 80: 17–30.

Gagliardi, P. 1997. Il dissenso e l’ironia: per una rilettura delle orazioni “cesariane” di Cicerone, Napoli.

Gotoff, H.C. 1993. Cicero’s Caesarian Speeches: A Stylistic Commentary, Chapel Hill. ———. 2002. “Cicero’s Caesarian Speeches,” in J. May (ed.), Brill’s Companion to Cicero, Leiden: 219–272.

Hanchey, D. 2015. “Perturbatio, frugalitas, and bene beateque uiuendum: Ciceronian Philosophy as Ciceronian Defense in Pro Rege Deiotaro,” Illinois Classical Studies 40.1: 63–83.

Karamalengou, E. 1988. “Le discourse pro Marcello et la place de Ciceron dans la monarchie de César.” Parousia 6: 79–106.

Konstan, David. 2005. “Clemency as a Virtue.” Classical Philology 100.4: 337–46.

Krostenko, B. 2005. “Style and Ideology in the pro Marcello,” in Roman Crossings, eds. T. Hillard and K. Welch (Classical Press of Wales): 283–316.

McDermott, W.C. 1970. “In Ligarianam.” Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Society 101: 317–47.

Nótári, Tamás. 2012. “Handling of Facts and Strategy in Cicero’s Speech in Defense of King Deiotarus. Nova Tellus 30.2: 99–116.

Rambaud, M. 1984. “Le Pro Marcello et l’insinuation politique,” in R. Chevallier (ed.), Présence de Cicéron: Hommage au R.P.M. Testard (Paris): 43–56.

Rochlitz, Sabine.1993. Das Bild Caesars in Ciceros ‘Orationes Caesarianae’: Untersuchungen zur ‘clementia’ und ‘sapientia Caesaris.’ Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.

Saddington, D. B. 1993. “Preparing to Become Roman: the ‘Romanization’ of Deiotarus,” in U. Vogel-Weidemann (ed.), Charistion C.P.T. Naudé, Pretoria.

Von Albrecht, Michael. 1988. ‘Cicero’s Rede für Marcellus. Epideiktische und nicht-epideiktische Elemente’, in P. Neukam (ed.), Die Antike in literarischen Zeugnissen, Munich: 7–16.

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