Anthropology of Mobility
|Kod Erasmus / ISCED:||
|Nazwa przedmiotu:||Anthropology of Mobility|
|Jednostka:||Instytut Etnologii i Antropologii Kulturowej|
Courses in foreign languages
I rok studiów magisterskich
III rok studiów licencjackich
Moduł L2: Antropologia globalizującego się świata i mobilności
Przedmioty etnograficzne do wyboru
|Punkty ECTS i inne:||
In the proposed cycle of lectures, I suggest to use anthropological lens in order to question the dichotomous view of free versus forced mobility, of migration versus tourism as well as of ‘good’ (desirable, righteous) as opposed to ‘bad’ (threatening, illegal) mobility.
Mobility is an overarching concept that includes migratory and tourist mobility, transportation systems and micro-mobilities of everyday life. Mobility refers to the ideologies, imaginaries and policies of changing one’s place, to infrastructures and embodied practices of physical movement. Mobility is also related to stasis, to various forms of settlement, sedentary ideologies, and immobilization. In the proposed cycle of lectures, I suggest to use anthropological lens in order to question the dichotomous view of free versus forced mobility, of migration versus tourism as well as of ‘good’ (desirable, righteous) as opposed to ‘bad’ (threatening, illegal) mobility. The sharp juxtaposition of ‘economic migrants’ to ‘refugees’ in the media today is but one example. If anthropology can contribute something to the expanding field of mobility studies, it is the critical reflexive approach to the classifications and ways of naming. While being presented as neutral and taken for granted, the classifications of mobility have ideological underpinnings and underlying political and economic interests. They need to be viewed as context-specific and produced by particular individual and institutional actors rather than universal and timeless. The lectures are devoted to the selected types of mobility, which will be compared and weighted one against the other in order to demonstrate that the boundaries between the types are in fact permeable. This would include viewing tourism and migratory mobility as a continuum; seeing migrants not only as aliens or non-citizens but also as fellow human beings having their sorrows and joys; demonstrating how the control over one’s and others’ mobility (e.g. exercised by taxi drivers) can in fact be a form of self-discipline; disclosing the ideological grounds for the differential treatment of immigrants and emigrants, who are in fact one group only viewed from different nation states’ perspectives and the like.
Selected additional readings
Basch, Linda, Glick Schiller, Nina, Szanton-Blanc, Christina (1994) Nations Unbound: Transnational Projects, Postcolonial Predicaments and Deterritorialized Nation-States, Gordon & Breach.
Clifford, James (1997) Routes: Travel and Translation in Late Twentieth Century. Harvard University Press.
Gilroy, Paul (1993) The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness, Verso.
Gupta, Akhil and James Ferguson (1992) Beyond ‘Culture’: Space, Identity, and the Politics of Difference, Cultural Anthropology 7(1): 6-23.
Hall, Stuart (1994) Cultural Identity and Diaspora, in P. Williams and L. Chrisman (ed.) Colonial Discourse and Post-colonial Theory: a Reader, Harvester Wheatsheaf, pp. 392-401.
Lutz, Helma (2010) Gender in the Migratory Process, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 36 (10):1647 1663.
Parreñas, Rhacel Salazar (2006) The Force of Domesticity: Filipina Migrants and Globalization. New York University Press.
Parreñas Rhacel Salazar (2001) Servants of Globalization: Women, Migration and Domestic Work. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Peters, Karin, Stodolska, Monika and Anna Horolets (2016) The role of natural environments in developing a sense of belonging: A comparative study of immigrants in the U.S., Poland, the Netherlands, and Germany. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 17: 63-70.
Stodolska, Monika et al. (2011) Perceptions of urban parks as havens and contested terrains by Mexican-Americans in Chicago neighborhoods. Leisure Sciences 33: 103-126.
Szogs, Nina (2017) Football Fandom and Migration. An Ethnography of Transnational Practices and Narratives in Vienna and Istanbul, Springer.
Selected ethnographic films
19 Days (2016), 26 min [Syrian refugees in Canada]
The Money Tree (2016) director: Helena Patzer [Documentary of transnational care in Filipino families]
Other Europe (2011), director: Rossella Schillaci, 75 min. [Somali refugees living in ex-hospital in an Italian city]
Promise and Unrest (2010) directors: Alan Grossman and Áine O’Brien, 79 min. [Documentary about Filipino migrant in Ireland and her daughter, distant care]
Sifinja - The Iron Bride (2009) director: Valerie Hänsch, 70 min. [A film about mobility, human creativity, and technology in a Sudanese truck community.]
Selected Internet resources on mobility
Selected networks and blogs:
COMPAS, Migration Research at the University of Oxford: https://www.compas.ox.ac.uk/
International Migration Institute, University of Oxford: https://www.imi.ox.ac.uk/
Centre for Mobilities Research, Lancaster University: http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/cemore/
Mobile Lives Forum: http://en.forumviesmobiles.org/
UCL Polish Migration site (by Anne White), academic profiles, publication lists on Polish migration research: https://www.ucl.ac.uk/ssees/research/polish-migration
Centre of Migration Research, University of Warsaw: http://www.migracje.uw.edu.pl/en/
Centre for Migration Studies, Adam Mickiewicz University: http://www.cebam.amu.edu.pl/en/
Migration Policy Institute (a US based think tank): http://www.migrationpolicy.org/
SOAS, Centre for Migration and Diaspora Studies, University of London: https://www.soas.ac.uk/migrationdiaspora/
Sussex Centre for Migration Research: http://www.sussex.ac.uk/migration/
EASA Anthropology and Mobility (ANTHROMOB) network: http://www.easaonline.org/networks/anthromob/index.shtml
SIEF Working Group on Migration and Mobility: http://www.siefhome.org/wg/mm/
IUAES Commission on the Anthropology of Tourism: http://iuaes.org/comm/tourism.html
IUAES Commission on Migration: http://iuaes.org/comm/migration.html
Mediterranean Mobilities: http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/fass/projects/medmobilities/
Mobile Media Lab http://www.mobilities.ca/
Migration Governance (blog): http://migrationgovernance.org/index.php/blog/
Selected migration related projects:
Leisure practices and perception of nature. Polish tourists and migrants in Iceland (2013-2016), University of Reykjavik and University of Gdańsk, info on seminars and publications: http://mobility-leisure.edu.pl
NAM - Norwegian Network on the Anthropology of Mobilities (2013-2016): https://www.hioa.no/eng/
Managing the European Refugee Crisis When There Is Lack of Consensus: Emergence of Strategies in Poland, Hungary and Romania (2016-2019), University of Warsaw: http://refugee-crisis.uw.edu.pl/
Oxford Diasporas Programme (2011-2015), various e-resources such as online publications, photo essays etc. accessible here: http://www.migration.ox.ac.uk/odp/index.shtml
General online resources
Anthropology Matters: http://www.anthropologymatters.com/index.php/anth_matters/issue/archive
HAU - Net Ethnographic Theory Network (open access anthropology publisher): https://www.haujournal.org/index.html
Wenner-Gren Foundation: http://www.wennergren.org
SAPIENS (blog): http://www.sapiens.org/
Open Anthropology Cooperative: http://openanthcoop.ning.com/ (migrating to: openanthcoop.net)
Trapped in Paradise: Entangled Mobilities and Imaginaries of Freedom (project 2017-2019): http://p3.snf.ch/project-169715
|Efekty uczenia się:||
Upon successful completion of the course students will be able to:
a) name and define different forms and types of mobility and mobile groups (migrants, tourists, exiles, commuters, seasonal workers, truck drivers etc.),
b) speak about mobility types as mutually dependent,
c) critically assess and question the categorization of mobility that they have learnt (and will learn in the future),
d) characterize mobility in its cultural and historical complexity and depth,
e) discuss the aspects of free will and structural conditioning underlying various forms of mobility,
f) explain the concept of mobility regimes and demonstrate the ideological and institutional underpinnings thereof,
g) describe mobility as material, technological, embodied,
i) indicate the ways in which individual agency works in the practice and imagination of mobility,
j) discuss the way mobility and identity are mutually dependent,
k) define selected mobility-related concepts such as motility, connectivity, regime, imaginaries, transnationalism, kinopolitics etc., and provide ethnographic examples.
Po ukończeniu zajęć studenci potrafią:
- analitycznie myśleć i dokonywać obserwacji i krytyki przemian społeczno-kulturowych
- posługiwać się wybranym językiem obcym na poziomie B2+ Europejskiego Systemu Opisu Kształcenia Językowego
- posługiwać się specjalistyczną terminologią z zakresu etnologii i antropologii kulturowej w języku obcym
|Metody i kryteria oceniania:||
The attendance to lectures, reading the course material and active participation in class discussions is advisable.
Students are required to submit mid-term assignment and final assignment, each of them will contribute to the final mark with the following weights:
1) 25% - a short reaction paper addressing one of the materials assigned to classes (of students’ own choice) is a piece of writing that present a student’s own interpretation of the theoretical or ethnographic piece (what is interesting about it, what it resonates with, where are the points of disagreement and doubt between what students have learnt earlier and the author’s perspective etc.); reaction paper should be 2-3 pages long (standard format i.e. A4, TNR, 1,5 interline, 2,5 margins on all sides), it should contain full bibliographic details of the reading (or other material such as film) as well as any full references to the literature used/cited in the paper; deadline for submission is week 8 class at the latest (late submission will result in points being taken off the final mark: 0,5 points off for late submissions);
2) 75% - the final essay discussing a selected type of mobility, a mobile group or some aspect thereof; an essay should be theoretically based and use ethnographic illustrations either from the work of other anthropologists or from own research that contribute to theoretical discussion by either providing alternative explanations to some established thesis or giving more nuanced outlook for the practice they describe; the essay should count 10-12 pages (standard format, i.e. A4, TNR, 1,5 interline, 2,5 margins on all sides); the potential topics and ways to approach the task will be briefly discussed during week 10 class; students are encouraged to approach the lecturer during her office hours for individual advice; early submissions are encouraged; deadline for submission is week 15 class at the latest (late submission will result in points being taken off the final grade or failing the course: 1 point off the final grade for the submissions up to 7 days after the deadline; fail for submissions more than 7 days after the deadline).
Each assignment will be evaluated on a scale: 2 – fail; 3 – satisfactory; 4 – good, 5 – excellent; the final grade will be calculated on the basis of the grading for each of the three assignments with respective weights.
A student who has committed any form of plagiarism in any of the assignments will automatically FAIL the whole course.
Właścicielem praw autorskich jest Uniwersytet Warszawski.